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Zionism

Death of Henrietta Szold

February 13, 1945

Henrietta Szold, the founder of Hadassah: The Women's Zionist Organization of America, died in Jerusalem.

Founding of labor Zionist group Pioneer Women

February 1, 1925

Sophie Udin and six other women founded Pioneer Women, a labor Zionist women's organization based in New York City. Pioneer Women exists today as Na'amat USA.

Golda Meir speech raises $50 million for Haganah

January 21, 1948

Golda Meir's speech to the General Assembly of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds helped raise $50 million in anticipation of the attacks that would greet Israel at its declaration of statehood.

Zionism in the United States

The modern movement of Zionism began in the nineteenth century and had as its goal the return of the Jewish people to the Land of Israel. American Zionism consistently portrayed the movement as faithful to democratic and social ideals and argued that the highest ideal of Zionism—social justice for the persecuted remnants of the Jewish people in Europe and elsewhere—was identical with the ethos that animated the American nation. Jewish women were active participants in American Zionism from the earliest years of the movement on these shores.

Sophie A. Udin

An intelligent, determined, career woman, Sophie A. Udin was a feminist leader and activist who sought equality between the sexes, including equal pay for equal work and equal representation for women.

Henrietta Szold

Henrietta Szold's prodigious capacity for work and unwavering sense of duty, her powerful intellect and ability to meet new challenges, the breadth of her activities, and her singular contributions to American Jewish culture, to Zionism, and to the Yishuv mark her as an extraordinary human being.

Marie Syrkin

Marie Syrkin is best known as a polemicist for the State of Israel, whose keen arguments appeared in a wide range of publications for a period of almost seventy years. It is not a very well-known fact, however, that she recorded both the public and private aspects of her life and career in poetry written over the course of her lifetime.

Edith Rosenwald Stern

Edith Rosenwald Stern, philanthropist, community leader, and civil rights activist left a legacy of commitment to social justice. With the same passion and strategy, she led the Jewish community in its philanthropy, encouraged her grandchildren to pursue their own charitable interests, and strongly supported Israel.

South Africa

The South African Jewish community is a highly organized, relatively affluent community, estimated at between eighty thousand and ninety thousand Jews in 2001—less than two percent of the total white population and 0.5 percent of the total population. Despite these small numbers and continuing emigration, the South African community remains one of the twelve largest Jewish communities in the world.

Rosa Sonneschein

By founding and editing the American Jewess, Rosa Sonneschein not only provided support and space for the emerging national network of Jewish clubwomen and created a forum in which to publicize her then unconventional views on Zionism, but also pioneered a professional role in journalism for American Jewish women.

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How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Zionism." (Viewed on December 18, 2014) <http://jwa.org/topics/zionism>.

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