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Libraries

Nora Levin

While her books sparked controversy among historians, Nora Levin helped shape popular understanding of modern Jewish history.

Ruth Klüger

Through her scholarship and her memoir about her experiences in the Holocaust, Ruth Klüger challenged popular assumptions about history, memory, and the role of women in society.

Lillian Ruth Kessler

Lillian Ruth Kessler created a major export company for automobile parts and heavy industrial and military equipment, making her a pioneer in a business that had been exclusively male territory.

Irene Rothschild Guggenheim

Irene Rothschild Guggenheim founded the Brightside Day Nursery and made it her life’s work, overseeing children’s services from day care for newborns to vocational training for teenagers.

Jennie Maas Flexner

Jennie Maas Flexner’s sympathy for self-taught and adult learners drove her to create innovative reading lists for adults embarking on a new life or second career.

Beatrice Berler

Beatrice Berler went back to school at age 45, becoming an award-winning translator of Spanish novels and history as well as an activist for adult literacy.

Dina Abramowicz

After surviving the Holocaust, Dina Abramowicz reconstituted her rich cultural heritage as the formidable head librarian of the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research.

Sophie A. Udin

Sophie A. Udin fought for women's rights and equal pay, but she is best known for helping found the first libraries in Israel and creating important American archives about Zionism, helping preserve vital documents and make them accessible.

Selma Stern-Taeubler

Both as a historian and a novelist, Selma Stern-Taeubler traced the experience of German Jewry from the tolerant era of eighteenth century Prussia to her own experience of living in Nazi Germany.

Henriette Avram, 1919 - 2006

Contrary to popular opinion, librarians have been leaders in the digital revolution, and Henriette Avram was one of the most prominent members of the vanguard. With no formal training as a librarian—indeed without a college degree—she almost single-handedly developed MARC, the file format that makes books and other forms of information discoverable.

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How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Libraries." (Viewed on November 21, 2014) <http://jwa.org/topics/libraries>.

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