Pauline Goldmark

Pauline Goldmark’s talents as a researcher made her indispensable to labor rights initiatives, from investigating the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire to helping lead Columbia University’s School of Social Work. Goldmark rose through the ranks of the National Consumers’ League to serve on their board for 40 years, lobbying to shift public policy on worker safety and child labor. During that time, she helped compile statistics and evidence for legal action such as the 1908 Supreme Court case Muller v. Oregon. For the case, Goldmark helped her brother-in-law Louis Brandeis compile the Brandeis Brief—countless data on the massive harm women suffered from factory work—leading to a court decision limiting the workday. Goldmark was appointed associate director of what came to be Columbia’s School of Social Work and its Bureau of Social Research while serving on the New York State Department of Labor’s Industrial Board from 1913–1915. While on the board, Goldmark wrote two reports for their Investigating Commission for the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire. From 1919–1939 she served as a consultant to the American Telephone and Telegraph Company on employment and health issues for women workers.


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Formal portrait of Pauline Goldmark wearing a feathered hat (1899). Image courtesy of Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.

Date of Birth

Brooklyn, NY
United States

Date of Death

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Pauline Goldmark." (Viewed on June 12, 2021) <>.


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