Sara Azaryahu

In hopes of creating a place where neither her religion nor her gender would make her a second-class citizen, Sara Azaryahu dedicated herself to founding a Jewish state, but was disappointed by the sexism that remained in her society. Azaryahu studied with a private tutor and at a local gymnasium before creating a women’s Zionist group, Bnot Zion, in 1892. After marrying in 1901, she and her husband, Yosef, took part in the fifth Zionist Congress in Basle that year and began studying education in Bern, Switzerland. In 1906 the couple moved to Jaffa to work at a progressive girls’ school, where Azaryahu taught math and geography. They helped found the city of Tel Aviv in 1909, then spent WWI in Haifa. In 1919 Azaryahu moved to Jerusalem, where she ran a girls’ school and became active in the new Union of Hebrew Women for Equal Rights in Erez Israel, fighting for suffrage and offering legal aid to women. While women earned the right to vote for the Elected Assembly in 1926, the Ultra-Orthodox declined to join that parliament. Azaryahu retired from teaching in 1924 and wrote two memoirs, My Life Story and The Fight of Women for Equal Rights.


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From an early age, educator and women's activist Sara Azaryahu (1873-1962) (shown here in 1915) was concerned with two major problems: the inferior status of the Jewish people and the inferior status of women. Following her aliyah she devoted the rest of her life to both the causes she held dear: Zionism and equal rights for women.

Institution: Arnan (Sini) Azaryahu

Date of Birth


Date of Death

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Sara Azaryahu." (Viewed on February 25, 2021) <>.


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