Daughter of Amminadav, sister of Nahson, Elisheba is the wife of the high priest Aaron and the mother of four sons, Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar (Exod. 6:23). She never appears in any story, and the mention of her name in this brief genealogy must be related to the purpose of this family listing. Such listings do not ordinarily include female ancestors. This genealogy foregrounds Moses and Aaron, and the addition of named women to their family tree—Moses’ mother Jochebed as well as Elisheba—perhaps contributes to the prominence of their lineage. Moreover, the inclusion of a mother’s name indicates how significant these women were to the destiny of their children.
Meyers, Carol, General Editor. Women in Scripture. New York: 2000.