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Ayala Procaccia

During her years on the bench as a judge and a Supreme Court Justice, Ayala Procaccia shaped Israeli law to support equality for all, regardless of gender or religious practice. After serving in the IDF from 1959–1961, Procaccia earned her LLB and master’s degrees from Hebrew University in 1963 and 1969. She served as legal assistant to Chief Justice Simon Agranat from 1965–1969 then earned a PhD in law from the University of Pennsylvania in 1972. She returned to Israel and worked as assistant to the attorney general and legal advisor to Israel’s Securities and Exchange Commission before becoming a judge in 1987. She served in Jerusalem’s Magistrate’s Court from 1987–1993 and the District Court from 1993–2001, and was then elected to the Supreme Court in 2001. She ruled that essential services and entertainment like cinemas could remain open on Sabbath, that the state must provide free education for all students regardless of their choice of school, and that women’s exemption categories for the IDF should match men’s to prevent gender inequality. She also ruled that women who lodged complaints about harassment in the IDF could not be penalized. After a distinguished career, Procaccia retired in 2011.

More on: Law, Social Policy
Ayala Procaccia, 2013
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Israeli Supreme Court Justice Ayala Procaccia, 2013.

Image courtesy of Nimbrov and Wikimedia Commons.

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Ayala Procaccia." (Viewed on February 15, 2019) <>.


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