Resisting the idea that serious artists were single, poor, and above all, male, expressionist painter Broncia Koller-Pinell insisted her work be taken on its merits. Koller-Pinell began studying privately at age eighteen with the sculptor Josef Raab and the painter Alois Delug in Vienna, followed by five years of intensive study in Munich. She had paintings in the International Art Exhibition in Vienna in 1888, followed by shows in Vienna, Munich, and Leipzig in 1892, 1893, and 1894. She married Hugo Koller, a Catholic doctor and scientist, in 1896, and raised her children Catholic, although she did not convert. The family settled in Vienna in 1903 and Koller-Pinell became active in Gustav Klimt’s circle, regularly exhibiting with him, joining the Union of Austrian Artists he cofounded, and hosting him and other notable artists and thinkers at her lively salons. Despite her artistic accomplishments, she was often dismissed as “the talented wife of a prominent husband” because the idea that a gifted artist could also be a mother, a society wife, and a religious Jew was completely alien to the art world.
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Jewish Women's Archive. "Broncia Koller-Pinell." (Viewed on September 15, 2019) <https://jwa.org/people/koller-pinell-broncia>.