Gudrun Maierhof

Gudrun Maierhof is currently a professor of politics and social science at the University of Applied Science in Erfurt. In 2004 she worked as a curator of an exhibition titled “Children Became Letters: The Rescue of Jewish Children from Nazi Germany” which was installed at the New Synagogue-Centrum Judaicum Foundation in Berlin, Germany. She received her Ph.D. in social work from the University of Kassel in 2002 with a book entitled Jewish Women’s Self-help in Nazi Germany.

Articles by this author

Ottilie Schönewald

Deeply involved in several women’s and Jewish organizations, Ottilie Schönewald was an activist who became a politician to advance her causes. She worked with the League of Jewish Women and helped Jews emigrate from Nazi Germany. After Schönewald and her family fled in 1939, she continued her social work during and after the war.

Käte Rosenheim

A social worker by training, Käte Rosenheim held numerous public service positions in Germany before the Nazis took power. In 1933 she joined the Reich Representation of German Jews; before she herself fled to the United States in 1940, she facilitated the escape of over 7,250 Jewish children from Nazi Germany.

Hannah Karminski

During the mid-1920s and the 1930s in Germany, Hannah Karminski served as secretary of the League of Jewish Women and, from 1924 to 1938, as editor of its newsletter. After the forced liquidation of the League in 1938, Karminski remained in Germany and continued her work in the Reich Association of Jews in Germany, assisting with the kindertransports and welfare. She was deported to Auschwitz and murdered in 1942.

Recha Freier

German-born Recha Freier founded Youth Aliyah in 1933, which assisted in sending Jewish European teenagers to Palestine prior to World War II to be trained as agricultural pioneers on kibbutzim. Although she was responsible for saving the lives of many thousands of Jewish youth, Freier’s efforts were not officially acknowledged until 1975, when she was eighty-three years old.

Central Organizations of Jews in Germany (1933-1943)

During the Nazi regime, the political participation of the League of Jewish Women in the affairs of the Jewish self-help organization the Reichsvertretung was initially unwelcomed by male leaders, despite the fact that women attended its meetings. Following the dissolution of the League in 1938, four of its members created their own network in order to present a united front for Jewish women’s interests and continued to participate in important functions of the Reichsvertretung.

Cora Berliner

Cora Berliner was an economist and social scientist who held leadership positions in several major Jewish organizations in Germany between 1910 and 1942. These organizations included the Association of Jewish Youth Organizations in Germany, the Reich Representation of German Jews, and the League of Jewish Women.

Margarete Berent

Margarete Berent was the first female lawyer to practice in Prussia and the second female lawyer ever licensed in Germany. In 1925 she opened her own law firm in Berlin and, after fleeing Nazi Germany, opened her own firm in the United States. Not only was she the first female lawyer and the head of her own law firm, but she was also an ardent feminist and active in promoting opportunities for women.

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Gudrun Maierhof." (Viewed on April 20, 2021) <https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/author/maierhof-gudrun>.

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