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Civil Rights

Bella Abzug convenes National Women's Conference in Houston

November 18, 1977

Spearheaded by Bella Abzug, the federally funded National Women's Conference convened in Houston to put forward a National Plan of Action.

Shoshana Cardin becomes first woman to lead a major national Jewish organization

November 15, 1984

The election of Shoshana Cardin as the first woman to lead the Council of Jewish Federations opened a new era for women's involvement in national Jewish institutions.

Birth of Caroline Klein Simon, anti-discrimination pioneer

November 12, 1900

Birth of Caroline Klein Simon, public activist and pioneer in the fight for women's and human rights.

Ernestine Rose presides over national women's rights convention

October 19, 1854

Ernestine Rose, a leading early American advocate for women's rights, presided over the Fifth National Woman's Rights Convention in Philadelphia.

Esther Lederer becomes Ann Landers

October 16, 1955

Esther Lederer, better known as "Ann Landers," published her first advice column.

First North Carolinian graduates from Smith College

June 18, 1901

Suffragist Gertrude Weil became the first North Carolinian to graduate from Smith College.

Carol Gilligan publishes "In a Different Voice"

May 24, 1982

Psychologist Carol Gilligan published "In a Different Voice," the first book to argue that women's psychological development could not be understood by studying men.

Poet Muriel Rukeyser receives important literary award

May 8, 1942

In winning an award from the National Institute of Arts and Letters and the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the young poet was recognized as an important presence on the American literary scene.

Labor leaders announce their engagement at May Day Parade

May 1, 1916

Labor leaders Bessie Abramowitz and Sidney Hillman announced their engagement while leading the clothing workers' contingent in the Chicago May Day Parade.

Suffragist and anti-slavery activist Ernestine Rose addresses annual Thomas Paine dinner

January 29, 1848

Suffragist and anti-slavery activist Ernestine Rose addressed the annual Thomas Paine dinner, declaring, "superstition keeps women ignorant, dependent, and enslaved beings. Knowledge will make them free."

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How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Civil Rights." (Viewed on December 18, 2017) <https://jwa.org/topics/civil-rights>.

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