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Chaile Raphael Kaulla

Chaile Raphael Kaulla

Chaile Raphael Kaulla took over her family’s bank at age 21 and funded the German army’s efforts to stop Napoleon’s conquest of Europe.

Chaile Raphael Kaulla

“Here rests a woman who was outstanding among her people and in her fatherland” is written on the gravestone of “Madame Kaulla” in the Hechingen Jewish cemetery. This refers to her charity as a wealthy and pious Jewish woman and to her significant achievements in serving the Grand Duke (later King) of Wuerttemberg and the imperial army (Reichsarmee). Chaile Raphael Kaulla was the most influential Jewish woman entrepreneur and one of the last Court Jews in eighteenth-century Germany.

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Chaile Raphael Kaulla." (Viewed on December 14, 2017) <https://jwa.org/taxonomy/term/18893>.

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