Flora LangermanSpiegelberg

Flora Langerman Spiegelberg transformed two cities in very different ways, championing education and children’s parks in Santa Fe and public sanitation in New York. Spiegelberg met her husband in Germany and returned with him to Santa Fe in 1875 after a European honeymoon, where he became mayor and probate judge, joining New Mexico’s high society. There, Spiegelberg founded secular schools, a Hebrew school, and a Catholic school; created playgrounds; and organized children’s gardens where children learned about nature and grew plants. In 1889, the family returned to New York, where Spiegelberg helped found the Committee for Jewish Women and the Temple Emanu-El Sisterhood. In 1910, she began her campaign to improve New York’s garbage collection with multimedia presentations that included a film Thomas Edison made for her. She argued for better regulations for sanitation as well as better wages and working conditions for garbage collectors, and was appointed to the New York City Health Commission, the Street Cleaning Department, and the Public Market Commission.


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Activist, educator, writer, and founder of the Committee for Jewish Women and the Temple Emanu-El Sisterhood, Flora Langerman Spiegelberg (1857–1943).

Date of Birth

New York, NY
United States

Date of Death

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Flora Langerman Spiegelberg." (Viewed on February 24, 2021) <https://jwa.org/people/spiegelberg-flora>.


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