Anna Jacobson Schwartz was credited as one of the world’s greatest monetary scholars for her work at the National Bureau of Economic Research and her incisive scholarship on economic history. After graduating from Barnard, she earned an MA from Columbia in 1935 and a PhD in 1964. From 1936–1941 she worked at Columbia’s Social Science Research Council, then joined the National Bureau of Economic Research, where she remained for the rest of her career. While she taught at various colleges, including NYU, Hunter, and Brooklyn College, she focused much of her energy on research, publishing many books and articles on international money trends. Two of her most respected works were 1953’s Growth and Fluctuations in the British Economy, 1790–1850, followed by 1963’s A Monetary History of the United States, 1867–1960, which argued that the Federal Reserve deserved much of the blame for the Great Depression. Schwartz served as president of the Western Economic Association from 1987–1988, and she was honored as a distinguished fellow of the American Economic Association in 1993. The American Enterprise Institute and the Journal of Financial Services Research held a conference in her honor in 2000.
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Jewish Women's Archive. "Anna Jacobson Schwartz." (Viewed on May 5, 2021) <https://jwa.org/people/schwartz-anna>.