Physiologist Judith Graham Pool revolutionized the treatment of hemophilia by isolating factor VIII and creating a concentrate made from blood plasma that could be frozen, stored, and used by hemophiliacs in their own homes. Pool earned her PhD from the University of Chicago in 1946 and in 1949 moved to California, where she became a research scientist at Stanford University. She began a research fellowship there in 1953 and published her first paper on hemophilia the following year. She developed a method to separate the antihemophiliac factor from blood plasma and created a concentrate that could be stored for a year without spoiling. She also developed techniques for measuring the electric potential of individual muscle fibers, a method that was eventually used around the world. By 1972 she was a full professor at Stanford and a member of the advisory committees of the National Institutes of Health and the National Hemophilia Foundation. As co-president of the Association of Women in Science and founding chair of Professional Women of Stanford University Medical Center, she pushed to create better opportunities for women in science.
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Jewish Women's Archive. "Judith Graham Pool." (Viewed on September 15, 2019) <https://jwa.org/people/pool-judith>.