JWA needs donors like you to continue sharing stories and inspiring change. $18 helps keep JWA online for one day. Support JWA by making your end of year gift today!
Close [x]

Show [+]

Galina Nizhnikov Veremkroit

Galina Nizhnikov Veremkroit risked her own safety to become one of the first female refuseniks to protest for the right to leave Soviet Russia. Facing discrimination for her faith and concerned for her sons’ futures, Nizhnikov Veremkroit applied to emigrate and was refused. Soon after, she became active in the refusenik community and her in-laws introduced her to Ida Nudel, a noted female refusenik. Nudel invited her to be one of six women demonstrating at the Kremlin Wall, where no protesters had dared to demonstrate before. Up to this point, refusenik protests were largely made up of men, and were often met with violence by the KGB. Nizhnikov Veremkroit and her family were repeatedly threatened for their activism, but were finally allowed to leave thanks in part to pressure from the US. After resettling in the Boston area, Nizhnikov Veremkroit worked with a number of organizations dedicated to helping refuseniks immigrate to the US and wrote a memoir about her experiences, The Courage of Despair.


Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.

Activist and writer Galina Nizhnikov Veremkroit on January 12, 2003.

Date of Birth


Activist, Writer

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Galina Nizhnikov Veremkroit." (Viewed on December 7, 2019) <https://jwa.org/people/nizhnikov-veremkroit-galina>.


Help us elevate the voices of Jewish women.

donate now

The JWA Podcast

Can We Talk?

listen now

Get JWA in your inbox