Alice Springer FleisherLiveright
Alice Springer Fleisher Liveright helped turn social work from a volunteer activity to a trained, organized profession. Liveright’s father died when she was six, leaving her to take on more responsibilities for her younger siblings. She married a wealthy manufacturer in 1906 and graduated from the Pennsylvania School of Social Work in 1918. At the time, many believed poverty and crime were caused by inherent moral failings, but Liveright focused on a modern approach that focused on preventing problems by improving education, opportunities, and environmental factors. Beginning in 1916 she served on the board of the Juvenile Aid Society, eventually becoming president. She also served as president of the Philadelphia Conference of Social Work and founded the Community Council. Through the NAACP, she worked to extend social services to African Americans. As state secretary of welfare from 1931–1935, she helped reorganize relief work from private charities to governmental organizations during the Depression. She then served on the advisory staff for the Works Progress Administration from 1935–1936. A member of various political parties throughout her life, from Republican through Socialist, she chaired the Progressive Party in 1948 and supported Henry Wallace’s presidential campaign of that year.
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Jewish Women's Archive. "Alice Springer Fleisher Liveright." (Viewed on November 11, 2019) <https://jwa.org/people/liveright-alice>.