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Anna MoscowitzKross

Anna Moscowitz Kross helped reform the New York prison system by curbing abuses and offering felons chances to train in new skills. Moskowitz graduated from NYU law school in 1910 but had to wait to take the bar until 1912, when she turned 21. She immediately turned her attention to women’s suffrage as head of the women’s division of the Tammany Hall speaker’s bureau before becoming the first female assistant corporation counsel for the city of New York from 1918–1923. She ran a legal practice specializing in worker’s compensation cases before being appointed New York’s second female city court judge in 1933. Over the next twenty years she instituted various sociological reforms, such as creating and running a Home Term Court that handled domestic abuse, desertion, and other aspects of family law. She also created day care for children whose parents were in court. In 1954 she was elected commissioner of corrections for New York City, separating juvenile and adult offenders, offering training and certification in skills like baking and stenography, and creating job placement assistance for parolees. She finally retired in 1966. A national board member of Hadassah from 1930–1933, Kross was also active in United Jewish Philanthropies.

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Jewish Women's Archive. "Anna Moscowitz Kross." (Viewed on December 10, 2019) <https://jwa.org/people/kross-anna>.


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