While Ida Henrietta Hyde was best known for creating a microelectrode that could sample and manipulate individual cells, she was proudest of her work to support other women scientists. Hyde worked to support her family and took night classes at the Chicago Athenaeum. She then taught for several years before earning a degree from Cornell in 1891, doing graduate work at Bryn Mawr, and studying at the Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory in the summer. In 1893 she received a fellowship from what would become the American Association of University Women to earn her PhD at the University of Heidelberg and study at the Zoological Station in Naples, Italy. In 1897 she founded the Naples Table Association for Promoting Scientific Research by Women, where thirty-six American women paid subscriptions to fund a research lab (a “table”) in Naples where they could conduct research. In 1899 she founded the physiology department at the University of Kansas in Lawrence. While loved by students and credited with creating state-of-the-art facilities, Hyde was pushed out by the new administration in 1918 for her gender. She retired to California to continue her cutting-edge research on the effects of caffeine and alcohol.
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Jewish Women's Archive. "Ida Henrietta Hyde." (Viewed on July 23, 2019) <https://jwa.org/people/hyde-ida>.