Julia Horn Hamburger dedicated her career to the health and education of women and children through both Jewish and secular organizations. Hamburger earned a BA in 1903 and taught public school for two years before becoming a teacher of “mental defectives” from 1905 until her marriage in 1910. A long-time volunteer, Hamburger served as vice president of the Maternity Aid Society from 1906–1910 and secretary of the Hebrew National Orphan Home from 1916–1920. In 1921 she helped create the first free kindergarten on the Lower East Side. She then became founding president of the Children’s Welfare League, which offered health and education services to immigrant children, a post she held until her death. She was also the founding vice president of the Jewish Theater for Children and founding president of Ivriya, the women’s division of the Jewish Education Association. From 1933–1936 she served as director of the Federation of Jewish Women’s Organizations. During WWII she shifted her focus to aiding the American Jewish Committee and the Anti-Nazi League. After the war, she became a public speaker for the religious and civic organizations she had served so well.
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Jewish Women's Archive. "Julia Horn Hamburger." (Viewed on October 17, 2019) <https://jwa.org/people/hamburger-julia>.