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Haika Grosman

From Zionist leadership in war-wracked Europe to her career in the Israeli Knesset, Haika Grosman displayed uncommon strength of character and steadfastness to her ideals. Grosman joined the Jewish socialist Ha-Shomer ha-Za’ir movement at age eleven, eventually becoming an instructor and a charismatic speaker. She gave up a chance to study at Hebrew University in Jerusalem in 1938, when movement leadership asked her to remain in Poland to take over for those leaders who were forced to flee the authorities. Beginning at age nineteen, she led movement activities in Warsaw, Vilna, and Kovno before she was forced to move her activities underground, smuggling and assisting the partisans. After the war, she ran the youth department of the Central Jewish Committee for three years, handling refugee children, before finally immigrating to Palestine in 1948. There she joined Kibbutz Evron, wrote The People of the Underground to chronicle her wartime experiences, and became secretary of Mapam, the Labor Zionist party. In 1969 she was elected to the Knesset and became head of the Committee of Public Services, overseeing programs for vulnerable populations: women, children, the elderly, and the poor. Beginning in 1988 she served as chair of Moreshet, coordinating education about the Holocaust.


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Jewish Women's Archive. "Haika Grosman." (Viewed on June 25, 2019) <>.


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