As a translator, Emma Leon Gottheil helped spread the ideals of Zionism across America, but as founder of the Women’s League for Palestine, she helped turn those ideals into practical reality. Gottheil studied in Paris from the age of twelve, becoming fluent in several languages. In 1891 she immigrated to New York, where she lectured on French literature at Columbia and worked as a translator while volunteering for the National Council of Jewish Women and other Jewish women’s organizations. She served as an official delegate of the Federation of American Zionists at the Second Zionist Congress in 1898, where she translated Theodore Herzl’s words into English, French, and Italian. She later became a staunch supporter of Henrietta Szold and a founding member of Hadassah while continuing her work with the Federation of American Zionists. When the American Zionists suffered ideological splintering in 1921, Gottheil formed the Keren Hayesod Women’s League, later called the Women’s League for Palestine. The League provided shelter and support for single women pioneers immigrating to Palestine, and later for women refugees fleeing Europe. In 1940, the French government awarded her the Cross of the Legion of Honor for her dedication to Franco-American Friendship.
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Jewish Women's Archive. "Emma Leon Gottheil." (Viewed on May 21, 2019) <https://jwa.org/people/gottheil-emma>.