Claire Goll’s poetry and prose were fueled by the tragedies and scandals that shaped her life. Born Klara Liliane Aischmann, Goll lost her older brother to suicide in childhood. She married Heinrich Studer in 1911 and divorced in 1917, losing custody of her daughter. She then moved to Geneva, where she fell in love with fellow writer Yvan Goll. In 1918 she published a poetry collection, Mitwelt, and a set of short stories, Die Frauen erwachen, launching her prolific career, and in 1919 the couple moved to Paris, where they married in 1921. Claire Goll edited international collections of poetry and translated novels while hosting salons and publishing a flood of her own work, as well as numerous volumes of love poems written with her husband. In a ghastly coincidence, her first autobiographical fiction that discussed her abusive mother, Education barbare, was published in 1941, the same year her mother was deported to Theresienstadt. The Golls fled Paris in 1939 and settled in Brooklyn the following year, where Claire wrote essays for antiwar journals along with her poetry and prose. The couple returned to Paris in 1947, but Yvan died of leukemia in 1950. Goll mourned deeply, publishing volumes of memorial poetry in his honor. She continued writing until her death.
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Jewish Women's Archive. "Claire Goll." (Viewed on November 15, 2019) <https://jwa.org/people/goll-claire>.