A passionate idealist, Mire Gola inspired others with her eloquent poetry and her fortitude through imprisonment and torture. At age seventeen, Gola moved to Lvov as an elected leader of the national chapter of Ha-Shomer ha-Za’ir, a group for young Zionist pioneers, but in 1932 she broke ties with the group to become a Communist. In 1936 she was arrested for organizing a strike at the factory where she worked, and after her release traveled through Poland founding Communist cells. Arrested as possible Russian agent, she was so eloquent at her trial defending her Communism as a form of patriotism that the chief prosecutor sent roses to her prison cell. She finally escaped prison when the Polish guards fled the German invasion in 1939. She married and moved to Lvov, where the Soviet authorities appointed her to the city council, but in 1941 her husband left to join the Red Army and disappeared. Pregnant, Gola hid from the Germans and delivered her own baby, who died in her arms a few months later. Gola joined the Polish Worker’s Party (PPR) in 1942, editing the party newsletter and coordinating with Jewish resistance groups. She was captured in 1943 and severely tortured, but refused to break. Instead, she wrote poetry to inspire her fellow captives and organized a prison break, but died during her escape.
How to cite this page
Jewish Women's Archive. "Mire Gola." (Viewed on January 25, 2021) <https://jwa.org/people/gola-mire>.