Anna Freud

Through her studies of children, Anna Freud shaped the fields of both child psychology and developmental psychology. Freud began her career as a teacher, working from 1914–1920 at the Cottage Lyceum in Vienna. Her father, Sigmund Freud, began psychoanalyzing her in 1918, sparking her own interest in psychology. She became a member of the Vienna Psychoanalytical Society in 1922 and the following year began analyzing children. In 1927 she published her first book, Introduction to the Technique of Child Analysis, and from 1927–1934 she served as general secretary to the International Psychoanalytical Association while nursing her ailing father and acting as his representative at public events. In 1935 she became director of the Vienna Psychoanalytical Training Institute, focusing on behavior and the ego rather than dreams and the subconscious. In 1938 she and her family fled Austria for England, where she offered foster care for children during WWII, created the Hampstead Child Therapy Courses in 1947 to train other therapists, and established the Hampstead Children’s Clinic in 1952. In 1965 she published Normality and Pathology in Childhood, a groundbreaking work shaped by her work with children of all social brackets in peace and wartime. After her death, the Hampstead Clinic was renamed the Anna Freud Centre.


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Anna Freud (1896 – 1982) was the youngest daughter of Sigmund Freud, "the father of psychoanalysis." The two are pictured here together on holiday in the Dolomite Alps, Italy, in 1913.

Institution: U.S. Library of Congress.

Date of Birth


Date of Death

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Anna Freud." (Viewed on August 11, 2020) <>.


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