Florence LevinDenmark

Florence Levin Denmark helped found the field of women’s psychology and built crucial support for it in academic circles. Denmark earned a PhD in social psychology from the University of Pennsylvania in 1958 and began teaching at Queens College, where she met her longtime collaborator, Marcia Guttentag. Together they investigated the effects of racial integration in preschools, the consequences of psychiatric labeling on immigrants, and the impact of college reentry on mature women. Denmark helped get the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Mental Health to fund the first research conference on the psychology of women, a major coup in making the fledgling field a respected academic discipline. She also coauthored Woman: Dependent or Independent Variable?, one of the earliest texts in the field. In 1980 she was elected president of the American Psychological Association, and she was one of the founders of their Division on the Psychology of Women. In 1988 she became chair of the psychology department at Pace University, where she taught for more than two decades. Among her many commendations are the Committee on Women in Psychology’s Senior Leadership Award in 1985 and their Distinguished Career Award in 1986.

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Date of Birth

Philadelphia, PA
United States

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Florence Levin Denmark." (Viewed on August 8, 2020) <https://jwa.org/people/denmark-florence>.


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