Hattie Carnegie was a leader in American fashion for three decades, designing clothes with a blend of simplicity and elegance. Naming herself after Andrew Carnegie, the richest person in America at the time, she partnered with seamstress Rose Roth in 1909 to create a custom clothing shop and bought out her partner in 1918. While she herself couldn’t sew, Carnegie designed clothing and hired other designers who went on to become major influences in the fashion world. Carnegie both sold her own designs and travelled regularly to Paris to import clothing by Chanel, Dior, and other top names in couture. In 1925, she became the first custom designer to create special collections for wholesale to department stores when she began working with I. Magnin. She was especially known for sophisticated, feminine suits with clean lines. Carnegie’s work ranged from designing uniforms for the Women’s Army Corps to one-of-a-kind creations for clients like the Duchess of Windsor, Clare Booth Luce, Tallulah Bankhead, and Joan Crawford. In 1948, she was honored with the Coty American Fashion Critics Award.
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Jewish Women's Archive. "Hattie Carnegie." (Viewed on May 23, 2019) <https://jwa.org/people/carnegie-hattie>.