As a widowed pioneer and young mother, Hayuta Busel fought to expand options for women in Palestine. Raised haredi, Hayuta Gavsu followed her friend Joseph Busel to Palestine at age eighteen, where he began working on a commune and she began training as an agricultural worker on a women’s farm near the Kinneret. The couple began an unconventional and equal relationship, and while they were forced by his parents to marry in 1916, they resisted traditional roles, with Joseph taking care of their daughter Hadassah while Hayuta worked as a kindergarten teacher in Deganyah. After Joseph drowned in 1919, Hayuta tended her daughter alone while working to establish a childcare and school system for kibbutzim throughout the Jordan Valley. She worked tirelessly to organize the women’s labor movement, arguing that women and men needed to share all responsibilities equally, and striving to give women options beyond childcare and housekeeping. Elected to the first Elected Assembly in 1924, she travelled regularly to Poland as a JNF emissary to train and organize Zionist youth. She became director of the women’s farm at Ayanot in 1937, but by the 1950s, frustrated by the kibbutz movement’s continuing problems, began writing about her own experiences and her dreams for true equality.
More on Hayuta Busel
How to cite this page
Jewish Women's Archive. "Hayuta Busel." (Viewed on January 25, 2020) <https://jwa.org/people/busel-hayuta>.