Sophie Cahn Axman became known as “the angel of the Tombs” for her work as a probation officer helping troubled children. Axman began her social work as founder of the Free Kindergarten for poor Jewish children in Kansas City. After moving to New York, she worked as a “visitor” for United Hebrew Charities, determining the needs of families and training mothers in household management and childrearing skills. She spoke at the first convention of the National Council of Jewish Women and the Winter School of Philanthropy in New York City, among others, and wrote pamphlets on working with children. In 1902, she became editor of UHC’s magazine, Jewish Charity, for two years. In 1904, however, she found her calling as a probation officer for Jewish boys who were housed at the Manhattan House of Corrections, known as “the Tombs,” working with them until her retirement in 1923.
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Jewish Women's Archive. "Sophie Cahn Axman." (Viewed on September 17, 2019) <https://jwa.org/people/axman-sophie>.