Rose Ausländer

Confined to her bed and unable to write for a decade, the gifted poet Rose Ausländer dictated many of her works. Born Rosalie Scherzer, Ausländer studied literature and philosophy in Cernauti for two years before moving to New York in 1921, where she worked as an editor for the Westlicher Herold. She married Ignaz Ausländer in 1923, and though they separated three years later, she kept the name. She returned to Cernauti in 1931 and published her first collection, Der Regenbogen (The Rainbow) in 1939, though the print run was destroyed by the Nazis in 1941. After two years in a ghetto and a third year in hiding, Ausländer moved to Bucharest, where she befriended the poet Paul Celan, and then returned to New York, working as a translator of poetry and a foreign correspondent for a transport company from 1953–1961. She published her second book, Blinder Sommer (Blind Summer), in 1965. After moving to West Germany in 1967, she continued to write until 1978, when arthritis forced her to dictate her work. Her poems ran the gamut from reflections on nature to memories of the Holocaust, with vivid and unusual imagery that earned her a wealth of literary prizes in post-war Germany.

Topics: Holocaust, Poetry

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Poet Rose Ausländer (1901-1988).

Institution: Gidal-Bildarchiv im Salomon Ludwig Steinheim-Bildarchiv für deutsch-jüdische Geshichte e.g., Duisberg

Date of Birth


Date of Death
Editor, Poet, Translator

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Rose Auslander." (Viewed on July 14, 2020) <>.


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