Ruth Amiran led a number of major archaeological digs that uncovered details of daily life in Bronze-Age Israel as well as important clues into trade and political relationships between Israel and its near neighbors. Amiran began studying archaeology at Hebrew University in 1935 and participated in digs throughout Israel. In the 1940s she worked for the archaeology department of Hebrew University and the Rockefeller Museum in Jerusalem, but after the creation of the State of Israel, she became supervisor of artifacts in the Galilee for the new Department of Antiquities. She led excavations at David’s Citadel in Jerusalem and various tombs and cities throughout the country. Beginning in 1965 she helped plan the Israel Museum and was later appointed curator and field archaeologist of their archaeological wing. Her excavation of the Bronze Age city of Tel Arad revealed a reservoir, roadways, twin temples, and typical houses of the time, shedding light on daily life in an urban center in the south of Israel. Her 1970 book Ancient Pottery of the Holy Land, which uncovered the cultural and economic ties between ancient Israel, Mesopotamia, Cyprus, and Egypt, became the standard textbook for the field, and she won the Israel Prize in 1982 for her work.
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Jewish Women's Archive. "Ruth Amiran." (Viewed on June 17, 2019) <https://jwa.org/people/amiran-ruth>.