Tosia Altman

Tosia Altman volunteered as a courier and weapons smuggler, risking her life through some of the worst conflicts of the Jewish uprising during the Holocaust. Altman joined the Ha-Shomer ha-Za’ir Zionist youth group as a girl and represented her local branch at the movement’s Fourth World Convention in 1935, and a few years later became their director of youth education. When the war forced the group leadership to flee east, hoping to enter Palestine by traveling across Europe, Altman was sent back to tend to those trapped in Nazi-occupied Poland. Altman aided the resistance, smuggling weapons and information into the Warsaw Ghetto and other Jewish enclaves, and survived the infamous Mila 18 bunker massacre by fleeing through the sewers while still groggy from a gas attack. Together with other survivors, she hid in the attic of a celluloid factory, but when a fire broke out, Altman was badly burned, captured by the police, and turned over to the Nazis. She died two days later, at the age of twenty-four.


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The first of Ha-Shomer ha-Zai'r's leadership to answer the call was the last to fall: Tosia (Taube) Altmann (1918-1943), a leader of the Jewish underground and organizer of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, died in the hands of the Gestapo on May 26, 1943.

Institution: Moreshet

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Date of Death
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How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Tosia Altman." (Viewed on August 7, 2020) <>.


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