Shulamit Aloni, the first Israeli woman to successfully found a political party, brought her zeal for education and empowerment to her career in the Knesset, helping generations of Israelis learn—and fight for—their rights. Aloni studied at the Beit ha-Kerem Teacher’s Training College and served in the Palmah from 1947–1948. She founded a school for immigrant children in Ramle, then taught high school in Tel Aviv, introducing citizenship classes and writing the standard textbook, The Citizen and His Country, in 1958. She earned her LLB from Hebrew University in 1955 and created a citizen’s rights radio program, Outside Office Hours, in 1957. She also wrote columns on legal affairs for several newspapers. Aloni served the Labor party in the Knesset from 1966–1970, during which time she founded and chaired the Consumer Council. After a four-year hiatus in which she created the Bureau for Civil Rights, Aloni became founder and leader of the human-rights-centric Ratz Party (renamed Meretz in 1992), which she ran from 1973–1996, speaking out in the Knesset for the rights of women and minorities and criticizing the treatment of Palestinians. Even after her retirement, she continued to campaign for human rights until her death.
How to cite this page
Jewish Women's Archive. "Shulamit Aloni." (Viewed on September 15, 2019) <https://jwa.org/people/aloni-shulamit>.