Grace Aguilar

In her short life, Grace Aguilar wrote twice as many books as Jane Austen, from popular historical romances to an introduction to Judaism that was used by both churches and synagogues. Aguilar wrote an historical play at twelve and started writing her first novel, a response to Sir Walter Scott’s Ivanhoe, at fifteen. Suffering from a number of illnesses herself and tending to her sick parents, Aguilar turned her writing from a hobby to a profession, publishing poetry, sermons, and The Spirit of Judaism, a discussion of Jewish practice that was used as a teaching text by Jews and Christians in both Britain and America for a century after her death. Aguilar then branched into fiction of all kinds—historical romances, novels about contemporary women, and The Women of Israel, which explored the lives of Jewish women from biblical matriarchs through modern times. In failing health, Aguilar wrote a radical essay on “The History of the Jews in England,” that argued against the pressures of assimilation and called Christians to account for the treatment of Jews in British society. Her death at age thirty-one was mourned as “a national calamity” by newspapers on both sides of the Atlantic.


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Grace Aguilar, known in her time as a poet, historical romance writer, domestic novelist, Jewish emancipator, religious reformer, educator, social historian, theologian and liturgist.

Institution: Engraving by kind permission of Michael Dugdale,

Date of Birth

United Kingdom

Date of Death
Writer, Poet, Translator, Historian

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Grace Aguilar." (Viewed on April 20, 2021) <>.


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