We Had No Other Choice

Fran and Donald Putnoi regard themselves as activists. Both are first-generation Americans who are deeply aware of the aid their immigrant parents received from var-ious Jewish agencies. As soon as they became aware of the plight of Soviet Jews, they stepped forward to help. As Fran Putnoi explained, &ldquoWhat else should we do?” For them and many others, helping was a habit not a decision.

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "We Had No Other Choice." (Viewed on May 19, 2019) <https://jwa.org/media/we-had-no-other-choice>.

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