Esther Carmel-Hakim is a lecturer in The Department of Jewish History at the University of Haifa. She received a B.A. from Concordia University in Montreal and an M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Haifa. Her doctoral dissertation title was “Women’s Agricultural Training in the Yishuv, with the Assistance of Jewish Women’s Organizations 1911–1929.” Her specialization is in Jewish women’s Zionist organizations and women on the kibbutz.
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Jewish Women's Archive. "Esther Carmel-Hakim." (Viewed on August 18, 2022) <https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/author/carmel-hakim-esther>.