Claudia V. Camp

Claudia Camp is a professor of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament at Texas Christian University. She writes on biblical wisdom literature and narrative, with a particular interest in feminist criticism. She is the author of Wisdom and the Feminine in the Book of Proverbs and Wise, Strange and Holy: The Strange Woman and the Making of the Bible.

Articles by this author

Woman Wisdom: Bible

Notable in Proverbs and the Wisdom of Solomon (and to a lesser degree in Job and Sirach) is the personification of the concept of wisdom as a woman (here referred to as Woman Wisdom to distinguish the personified figure from the more general use of the term).

Wise Woman of Abel Beth-Maacah: Bible

The second of two “wise women” portrayed in 2 Samuel lived in a fortified city in northern Israel. More straightforwardly than the story of the wise woman of Tekoa (2 Samuel 14), this narrative depicts what must have been typical leadership activities of a woman in this accepted position against the larger political tensions of David’s reign.

Wise Woman of Tekoa: Bible

Tekoa—a Judean hill country village ten miles south of Jerusalem—was home to one of two women designated as “wise,” both appearing in 2 Samuel.

Shunammite: Bible

The “great woman of Shunem” appears twice in the narratives about the ninth-century b.c.e. prophet Elisha. Her title suggests wealth, but also, as the story unfolds, independence of mind and faith.

Huldah: Bible

Huldah is depicted as a temple prophet who validates a scroll, called “the book of the law [or covenant],” purportedly found in the temple during repairs ordered by King Josiah, the last of Judah’s “good” kings (reigned 640–609 b.c.e.). The narrative of this book is tied to the nationalistic political and economic policies known as Josiah’s cultic reform. Whether Josiah’s new policies began before or after the discovery of the book is a point of contention between the versions of events in Kings and in Chronicles. The exact content of the book is not specified: Josiah’s destruction of non-Yahwistic cultic sites is in line with positions expressed in the Book of Deuteronomy, as is Huldah’s reference to “all the curses that are written in the book” (2 Chr 34:24). In Chronicles, the allusion to “the book of the law of the Lord given through Moses” (2 Chr 34:14) may suggest that later author’s (historically unlikely) assumption that it was the whole Pentateuch. Some historians question whether an ancient document was really found and suggest it had been produced to serve Josiah’s purposes. Others tie it to documents that may have survived from an earlier reform—that of Josiah’s great-grandfather Hizkiyahu (727–698 b.c.e.), whose efforts were negated by the subsequent misdeeds of his son Menashe (698–642 b.c.e.).

Abishag: Bible

When King David (reigned c. 1005–965 bce) ages and his health fails, a beautiful young woman is sought throughout Israel to lie in his bosom and keep him warm. The king does not have sexual relations with Abishag (I Kgs 1:4).

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Claudia V. Camp." (Viewed on May 19, 2019) <https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/author/camp-claudia>.

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