You are here

Share Share Share Share Share Share Share

Abigail Van Buren

1918 – 2013

by Robin Judd

In 1990 alone, advice columnist “Dear Abby” and her staff received over fifty-five thousand letters from men and women of all ages, classes, nationalities, sexual orientations, and religions. With a clear, witty, and informative writing style and a readership of 150 to 200 million, Pauline Esther Friedman Phillips, known professionally as Abigail Van Buren or Dear Abby, has influenced American life and culture since the inception of her column in the mid-1950s. Openly revealing her opinions concerning antisemitism, sexism, and racism while responding to her readers’ diverse queries, Dear Abby has actively championed Jewish and non-Jewish women’s rights both in the United States and internationally.

Pauline’s parents, Abraham and Rebecca Friedman, were Russian Jewish immigrants who arrived in the United States in 1908. They moved to Sioux City, Iowa, in 1910, giving birth to Helen and then Dorothy soon after. Like many Russian Jewish immigrants of that time, the family slowly earned enough money to leave the poorer sections of the city, first by peddling chickens from a pushcart and then, by 1911, by amassing enough earnings to buy into a grocery store. When Pauline was born, her parents owned a small house. Her father became part owner of a movie and vaudeville theater when she was in her early teens. Active in the Jewish community of Sioux City, Abraham Friedman’s civic stature grew as he acquired other theaters and diversified his business interests.

Nicknamed “Popo,” Pauline was born on July 4, 1918, only seventeen minutes apart from her twin, Esther Pauline (later known as columnist Ann Landers). The two girls shared similar interests, dressed in like styles, attended the same high school (Central High School, from which they graduated in 1936), and matriculated at the same small college nearby. Pauline met her future husband, Mort Phillips, at a University of Minnesota dance. Mort Phillips’s father, like the girls’ father, was a Russian Jewish immigrant, born in Minsk. Just as the twins had experienced other important events simultaneously, soon after Pauline became engaged, Esther met her future husband, Jules Lederer. The sisters had a double wedding on July 2, 1938, at their synagogue in Sioux City. The Phillipses had two children, Jeannie and Eddie.

When the Phillipses moved to Hillsborough, California, from Eau Claire, Wisconsin, in 1955, Pauline contacted an editor with the San Francisco Chronicle to express her displeasure with their newly established Molly Mayfield lovelorn column. She offered the Chronicle a radical departure from the paper’s previous features. Her column was to be humorous, helpful, and filled with one-liners. The paper hired her and she rapidly became a success, adopting the name Abigail Van Buren. Pauline contracted for the rights to the names Abigail Van Buren and Dear Abby, a move that gave her great control over her column and a large share of its profits.

In the past forty years, Abigail Van Buren has counseled her readership, as well as shared with them her political, moral, and social views. Championing the rights of women, Jews, African-Americans, and others, she has published advice columns that newspapers have threatened not to print. On July 29, 1991, for example, she reissued a letter in favor of women’s rights to control their bodies, even though a number of papers threatened not to run it.

Because she became Dear Abby three months after her twin assumed the Ann Landers column, the sisters attempted to curb any acrimony between them by agreeing not to vie for the same city’s newspaper. However, their competition intensified after Ann Landers signed a one-year contract with the Sun Times and appeared on What’s My Line?. In 1956, Abigail Van Buren allegedly offered “Dear Abby” at a reduced rate to the twins’ hometown paper, Sioux City Journal, as long as it promised not to run “Ann Landers.” Life magazine informed the public of their acrimony in April 1958. Although the sisters publicly reconciled in 1964 for their twenty-fifth wedding anniversaries, their competition continued. Van Buren has no plans to retire, although her daughter, Jeanne, has taken on more duties of the column in recent years.

Abigail Van Buren lived in Sioux City, Eau Claire, Los Angeles, and at the end of her life in Minneapolis. In all these locations, she remained active in citywide and national Jewish and non-Jewish organizations. Volunteering with synagogues, old age homes, the American Society for AIDS Research (AmFar) and the Jewish National Fund, her largest contribution may have been her ability to make public issues of concern to Jewish and non-Jewish women.

She died of Alzheimer's Disease in Minneapolis on January 16, 2013. 

Bibliography

Pottker, Jan. Dear Ann, Dear Abby: The Unauthorized Biography of Ann Landers and Abigail Van Buren (1987); “Queen of Hearts.” Psychology Today 26 (May/June 1993): 56–60+; Rottenberg, Dan. “Ann and Abby’s Lessons for Journalists.” The Quill 72 (January 1984): 20–24.

1 Comment

Hi, I just wanted to add to the information on the origin of the name Abigail Van Buren. My grandfather, Scott Newhall, was the editor to which Pauline "Popo" Phillips applied. In late 1955, she approached the San Francisco Chronicle, saying she could do a better job with the advice column. The Chronicle gave her some sample letters to answer, and she did an excellent job, impressing Scott very much. He told her that the Chronicle would hire her, but that she would have to use a new name, and that the Chronicle would own the rights to it. Scott thought that the first name of a lovelorn columnist should be something quaint and elegant, and something that could be shortened to a catchy name. He started through an alphabetical list of girls' names, and quickly came across "Abigail". He particularly liked the shortened "Abby," and was sold. For her last name, he wanted something all-American and stately, with a touch of elegance. He picked the name of the eighth president, Martin Van Buren. Pauline didn't like this new name at all, and said so in writing to Scott. She did agree to the name, though, and was hired. Abby was ultimately hired away from the Chronicle by a feature syndicate, and by then the column was well established. She and the syndicate demanded that she be given full ownership of the name "Dear Abby." Scott refused, but eventually settled with a few conditions: they could take ownership of the name provided (a) Abby could never terminate her contract with the Chronicle, and (b) the Chronicle would forever own the name in the San Francisco Bay area (which I believe it still does).
- David Newhall

Abigail Van Buren, 1961
Full image

Writer and advice columnist Pauline Esther Friedman Phillips, better known as Abigail Van Buren of the "Dear Abby" column, in 1961.

Photo in the public domain.

How to cite this page

Judd, Robin. "Abigail Van Buren." Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. 20 March 2009. Jewish Women's Archive. (Viewed on November 17, 2017) <https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/van-buren-abigail>.

Donate

Help us elevate the voices of Jewish women.

donate now

The JWA Podcast

listen now

Sign Up for JWA eNews

 

Discover Education Programs

Join our growing community of educators.

view programs