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Martha Schlamme

1925–October 6, 1985

by Robert A. Rothstein

Martha Schlamme sang songs in a dozen languages, including Yiddish and Hebrew. Her interpretation of the works of Kurt Weill made her an overnight success and led to a long Broadway career.

In Brief

Martha Schlamme rose to popularity singing in Yiddish and Hebrew at Catskills resorts and performing Kurt Weill’s music. Schlamme studied piano in Austria before the war. In 1938, she was sent to stay with relatives in France, and she reunited with her family in England. After the war, she performed on stage and for BBC radio before immigrating to America in 1948. There she flourished as a recording artist with a wide repertoire and sang at nightclubs and concert halls across the country. In 1959 she began singing the works of Kurt Weill, best known for collaborating with Bertolt Brecht on music for Threepenny Opera. This led her to an off-Broadway Weill revue in 1963 and performances in Threepenny Opera and A Kurt Weill Cabaret.

Article

Once described as a “Viennese Mary Martin,” Martha Schlamme began her American career singing Yiddish and Hebrew songs in the resort hotels of the Catskills in the late 1940s. She earned a national reputation in the 1950s as a performer of “Songs of Many Lands” (the title of her concert program and of a 1954 Vanguard record), and later won acclaim for her interpretations of Kurt Weill songs.

Martha Haftel Schlamme, born in Vienna in 1925, was the only child of restaurateur Meier Haftel and Gisa (Braten) Haftel. As a child, she studied the piano and learned Yiddish and German songs from her family. After the German annexation of Austria in 1938, her parents sent her to live with relatives in France. She later joined her parents in England. There she continued her education, begun in Viennese public schools, in a Jewish school. When her parents were interned as enemy aliens in a camp on the Isle of Man, she chose to remain with them. While in the camp, she studied English and secretarial subjects, and first performed on stage in a German-language production of Shakespeare’s As You Like It.

It was also in the internment camp that she decided to pursue a musical career after hearing the Icelandic singer Engel Lund perform folk songs in several languages, including Yiddish. She studied piano and voice in London after the war, supporting herself with office work, and began to perform on stage and for BBC radio. After moving to the United States in 1948, she continued her musical education and, despite discouragement from mezzo-soprano Jennie Tourel, began a performing career that took her to concert halls and nightclubs from coast to coast. Her repertoire included songs in over a dozen languages. Among her recordings are five collections of Yiddish songs (for Vanguard, MGM, and Tikva), one each of Israeli songs and of French Christmas carols (for Vanguard), one record of German songs (with accompaniment by Pete Seeger, for Folkways), and several live performance records (for Vanguard and MGM).

In 1959, on the eve of the opening of the Edinburgh Festival, Schlamme first performed a program of Kurt Weill songs in a tiny Edinburgh club. The enthusiastic reaction of reporters in town for the festival, she later recalled, made her “a star overnight.” Her World of Kurt Weill in Song (with Will Holt, later recorded for MGM) began a long Off-Broadway run in 1963 and led to other Weill performances, including roles in The Threepenny Opera and Mahagonny, as well as A Kurt Weill Cabaret (with Alvin Epstein, also recorded for MGM). She also appeared on stage in productions ranging from Fiddler on the Roof to plays by Maxim Gorky, and performed in such one-woman shows as A Woman Without a Man Is … and The Jewish Woman.

Schlamme’s two marriages, to Hans Schlamme and to Mark Lane, ended in divorce. Martha Schlamme died in Jamestown, New York, on October 6, 1985, two months after suffering a stroke while onstage. In her nearly forty years of performing in the United States, she helped to popularize Yiddish and international folk songs and to remind Americans of the legacy of composer Kurt Weill.

Bibliography

AJYB 87:443.

Current Biography Yearbook 1964 (1965).

Lawless, Ray M. Folksingers and Folksongs in America (1965. Reprint 1981).

Pareles, Jon. “Martha Schlamme, Singer, 60.” NYTimes, October 8, 1985, sec. 1, p. 24.

Who’s Who of American Women. 12th ed. (1981).

Wilson, John S. “Schlamme Evokes Weill Cabaret Style.” NYTimes, August 13, 1976, sec. 3, p. 19.

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How to cite this page

Rothstein, Robert A.. "Martha Schlamme." Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. 31 December 1999. Jewish Women's Archive. (Viewed on July 27, 2021) <https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/schlamme-martha>.