Gill Marcus

b. 1949

by Milton Shain and Miriam Pimstone

“While I am not religious, I’m certainly very conscious and proud of being Jewish. Perhaps there is more of an awareness now of the traditions and rituals. But for me, the essence of my Jewishness is in trying to live a life that has value.”

In her service to her country and the contribution she has made to the functioning of a democratic society, Gill Marcus has certainly lived a life of value. Both in London and in South Africa, her adult life has been devoted to the cause of justice and democracy and her vigilance and constancy have done much to further those ends.

Gill Marcus, who never married, was born in Johannesburg in 1949. Her grandparents were from Lithuania but her parents, Molly and Nathan, were born in South Africa. Both her parents were members of the South African Communist Party and from an early age Gill was made aware of the iniquities of apartheid; the Marcus home, open to people across the color line, was very different from that of the average white South African household.

She enrolled for a Bachelor of Commerce degree at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg but did not become involved in student politics “because it didn’t seem like it could achieve anything.” Her studies were interrupted when she left South Africa for London in 1969 together with her parents, two sisters and a brother but she completed her degree by correspondence with the University of South Africa.

In London Gill ran the family salad bar in Knightsbridge. She joined the Communist Party and the African National Congress (ANC) and worked for the latter’s information-gathering department, becoming deputy secretary for information and, for fifteen years, editor of a news bulletin covering events in South Africa. Agents of the South African government were active in London, engaging in hit squad activities and acts of sabotage that included the bombing of the ANC offices in London.

When the ANC was unbanned in 1990 Gill Marcus returned to South Africa after spending twenty-one years in exile. She was among the first ANC members to return, having been asked by the organization to help set up structures, particularly a communications infrastructure, to prepare for the transition to democracy. She ran the ANC’s Department of Information and Publicity until 1994 and played a leading role in determining media policies for the ANC in the run-up to the first democratic elections in 1994.

She was elected to Parliament in the April 1994 election. After twenty-five years in communication and information, Gill wanted to do something different, something more practical in the area of delivery. Moving from the political to the economic arena, she became chairperson of the Joint Standing Committee on Finance in the National Assembly. Under her leadership, the Committee developed a reputation for accessibility, transparency and fearlessness in criticizing departmental and individual inefficiency.

Having proved herself in the erstwhile male province of finance, she became Deputy Finance Minister in 1996 and then Deputy Governor of the South African Reserve Bank in 1999. Her success in this area in a very male-oriented society was significant in terms of striking a blow for gender equality in the early years of democracy in South Africa. Although committed to the principle of gender equality, without any taint of tokenism, she is not an overt activist in the field.

In all her political and public activities Gill Marcus established a widely respected reputation for her extremely conscientious approach to her work and her efficient and effective administrative abilities. With a very deeply held belief in the potential of South Africa and its people, she is totally committed to the development of a flourishing civil society that protects the right to differ without incitement to violence or racial hatred.

While conscious and proud of her Jewish heritage, Gill Marcus is not religious in any active sense. She has always understood the Jewish tradition to be on the side of humanity against oppression and the essence of her Jewishness lies in trying to live a life that has value by making a contribution to others. The Holocaust had a profound effect on her from an early age and she believes that, although individual racism cannot be eradicated, institutional structures can prevent that racism from becoming too destructive or dangerous.


Pitock, T. “‘A Life of Value’: Gill Marcus Talks to Tod Pitock.” Jewish Affairs 48 (4): 1993: 21–25; Suttner, Immanuel, ed. Cutting Through the Mountain: Interviews with South Africa Jewish Activists. London: 1997.


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I am the great great grand-daughter of Bessie Pesha Marcus Goodman Fram from Lithuania. Gill is also a family name. I am wondering if Gill Marcus is related to Bessie Pesha Marcus. I have extensive family information including the Sher family in Cape Town South Africa.

I would appreciate if you would pass on this message to her.

Marcus sat on the ANCÌ¢‰â‰ã¢s National Executive Committee, the partyÌ¢‰â‰ã¢s top decision-making body, between 1991 and 1999, before moving to the Reserve Bank. She became Deputy Minister of Finance in the Government of National Unity of Nelson Mandela from 1996 to 1999. She then held the Professorship of Leadership and Gender Studies at the Gordon Institute of Business Science, before going into business, initially as chairman of Western Areas mining company and later as non-executive director of Gold Fields. In 2007, she became chair of Absa Group and Absa Bank. In July 2009, she was appointed the first woman Governor of the South African Reserve Bank.


Marcus Named South African Reserve Bank Governor (Update3) By Nasreen Seria and Janice Kew Bloomberg - July 19, 2009

South Africa: The Good News, Monday, 20 July 2009

Gill Marcus (C) with Nelson Mandela (R) and Professor Michael Katz (L), President of the South African Jewish Board of Deputies (SAJBD), at a meeting between representatives of the SAJBD and the African National Congress in December 1990.
Courtest of David Saks, South African Jewish Board of Deputies.

How to cite this page

Shain, Milton and Miriam Pimstone. "Gill Marcus." Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. 27 February 2009. Jewish Women's Archive. (Viewed on August 13, 2020) <>.


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