The Shalvi/Hyman Encyclopedia of Jewish Women

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Lyalya Kaufman

1887–December 24, 1964

by Dorothy Bilik

In Brief

Born in 1887 to famous author Sholem Aleichem, Lyalya Kaufman immigrated to the United States with her husband in 1922. She began her literary career writing sketches and short stories for the Forverts. She wrote for numerous Yiddish literary journals and gained a loyal following through her “minimalist” vignettes. Although Kaufman was often encouraged to write more extended works, she chose to continue her shorter pieces. She died at age 77 in New York City.


Although her earliest writings for the Forverts were translated from Russian to Yiddish by Dina Blond-Mikhelovitch, Lyalya Kaufman wrote most of her over two thousand sketches and short stories in Yiddish herself. Up until her death in 1964, Kaufman, the eldest daughter of Sholem Aleichem, was the only one of his six children who pursued a literary career.

Lyalya Kaufman was born Sarah Rabinowitz in Belaya Tserkov, near Kiev, in 1887. She studied at the gymnasium in Kiev and attended university in Geneva. In 1909, she married Michael Kaufman. The young couple moved to Berlin, Germany, where Michael studied medicine. In 1922, the family went to America and lived in Newark, New Jersey, where Kaufman practiced medicine and Lyalya Kaufman continued to write and translate. In 1926, she published a poignant memoir of her father in The Sholom Aleichem Book.

She wrote for the Tsukunft and other Yiddish literary journals. However, it was her charming, intimate, “minimalist” vignettes that appeared in the Forverts every Monday for well over thirty years that gained her thousands of loyal readers. She translated some of her father’s works into Russian and English. According to her daughter, novelist Bel Kaufman, Sholem Aleichem urged his daughter to become a writer since she wrote such wonderful letters and stories. In later years, Abraham Cahan, editor of the Forverts, and others encouraged her to develop her narratives more fully. More specifically, she was asked to write a more extended memoir of her illustrious father but, in Bel Kaufman’s words, her mother wrote “on one foot.”

In 1968, several years after Lyalya Kaufman’s death, her younger sister, Marie Waife-Goldberg, wrote the long-awaited memoir of their father.

Lyalya Kaufman died on December 24, 1964, in New York City.


American Jewish Year Book. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1966: 577. 

Fogelman, L. Forverts, February 15, 1964, 9.

Kaufman, Bel. Telephone interview with author, February 7, 1996.

Obituary. NYTimes, December 25, 1964. 29:3.

Raskin, Saul, ed. Leksikon fun der Nayer Yidisher Literatur [Biographical dictionary of modern Yiddish literature]. Vol. 8 (1965): 161.

“Vi Ikh Ze Im.” [How I see him]. Dos Sholem Aleykhem Bukh [The Sholem Aleichem book], edited by Y.D. Berkowitz. New York: The Shalom Aleichem Book Committee, 1926.

Waife-Goldberg, Marie. My Father, Sholom Aleichem, 1968.

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How to cite this page

Bilik, Dorothy. "Lyalya Kaufman." Shalvi/Hyman Encyclopedia of Jewish Women. 31 December 1999. Jewish Women's Archive. (Viewed on October 3, 2022) <>.