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Rivke Savich Golomb

1905 – 1987

by Frida Staropolsky-Shwartz

“Golombism,” Rivke and Abraham Golomb’s ideology, came to the fore in Jewish education in Mexico with the founding of El Nuevo Colegio Israelita de Mexico I. L Peretz in 1950. The couple had many followers not only in Mexico but also in Europe, Israel and Canada. In 1946 they founded the Seminar le-Morim (Teachers’ Seminar) where they taught the first generations of teachers in Jewish education in Mexico. Rivke Golomb taught practical pedagogy and “geshikhte fun yidisher dertsiung” (History of Jewish Education).

Rivke Savich, second of four children, was probably born in a village near Vilna on May 5, 1905. Her mother died in a typhus epidemic when Rivke was only fifteen. Her father, Yosef Savich, a farmer, fought in the Tsar’s army against the Japanese (1904–1905) and his loyalty to the country led him to participate in World War I, when he was taken prisoner by the Germans.

Rivke’s early studies were in a heder, where she was the only girl pupil. Her “rebbe” urged her to seek out new knowledge everywhere, “to study with pleasure and to search for the divine.” She later alleged that if she was able to achieve anything in education it was because the “rebbe,” her first teacher, was an extraordinary pedagogue. Her formal studies were at a German school in Vilna. At the end of World War I she decided to become a teacher of Jewish studies and indeed dedicated her entire life to this task. In 1927 she studied at the Yidisher Lehrer Seminar in Vilna and after matriculating from the seminary taught for one year in Warsaw. It was at the seminary that she met the principal, Abraham Golomb (b. 1885), whom she married in 1929. Their only son, Berl, was born in 1930.

As newlyweds the Golombs emigrated to Palestine where Rivke taught from 1931 to 1932 at Mikve Israel and from 1933 to 1939 in the Ben Shemen Youth Village. During this time she published articles in Em ve-Yeled (Mother and Child). When the Golombs realized that Yiddish had no future in Palestine they decided to go to Winnipeg (Canada) where they were invited to establish a school. Rivke taught from 1939 to 1944 at the I. L. Peretz School while also participating in community activities.

Abraham’s international reputation as a Yiddishist educator led to the couple’s being invited to Mexico, where Abraham Golomb served from 1944 to 1949 as principal of the Colegio Israelita de Mexico, the community’s first private educational institution, founded in 1924. Rivke became a teacher at the college.

Abraham Golomb’s fanatical advocacy of Yiddish and his somewhat bellicose nature led him into numerous conflicts with those who did not share his views. He even went so far in his anti-Zionism as to forbid Keren Kayemet (Jewish National Fund) collection boxes to be brought into the school on the grounds that “education should not have any taint of politics.” Rivke, who always supported him, argued that zedakah (charity) should be taught as a mitzvah, but that no political party should be its beneficiary.

In January 1959, following a campaign against the Golombs, members of the parents’ association and a number of teachers and intellectuals who published regularly in Di Shtime and Der Veg decided to establish another school, the Nuevo Colegio Israelita I. L. Peretz. The Nuevo Colegio determined that the “golombist” philosophy of integration—Yidishkait not as a religion but as humanism in a Jewish world—would become the keynote of the new school, where Yiddish and (Ashkenazi) Hebrew, Jewish history, ethics and respect for Israel and Mexico would be taught, together with the subjects demanded by the Mexican government. Ironically, from the time of its founding there was always a Keren Kayemet box in the school. Two years after the establishment of the state of Israel, the Golombs accepted the new reality and perceived helping Israel as only natural.

Rivke was a woman of strong character, a perfectionist, with progressive and liberal ideas. Her wide knowledge of world culture, especially Greek literature, inspired her educational philosophy. She worked mainly with young children, with friendship and love, maintaining that “education was an art.” She taught her pupils to think rather than to memorize and made as deep an impression on them as her teachers had made on her. In her view, a good teacher “communicates ideas, awakens sentiments, develops a love for beauty and harmony and stimulates her pupils so that later on in life they can give something back to their people’s country and thus to general culture.”

After thirteen years as principal, Abraham Golomb decided to hand his post over to his wife. This decision led to a strike by those who saw this as an act of nepotism. It is noteworthy that there had never before been any women principals. In the face of this reaction Rivke Golomb decided to bow out and the couple migrated once again, this time to Los Angeles, California.

Ten years later Rivke suffered a stroke which left her a paraplegic. After her husband’s death in 1982 she survived for another five years, making heroic efforts to walk and be self-sufficient. She died in Los Angeles in 1987.

In an effort to perpetuate their legacy in Mexico, Rivke established the Abraham Golomb Foundation, which awards a prize to those who dedicate themselves to ensuring the survival of Yiddish as a language and a culture.

Bibliography

Finkelman de Sommer, Maty. “Instruye a tus hijos.” In Generaciones judías en México. Kehila Ashkenazi (1922–1992), Alice G. Backal (coord.). México: 1993; Zabludowsky, Vele. Interview with Naty G. de Okon, August 1988. In Testimonios de la Historia Oral. Judíos en México. Avni, Haim (dir.) UHJ y Amigos UHJ. México: 1990; Torenberg, Jaya. Interview with Naty G. de Okon, July 1989. In Testimonios de la Historia Oral. Judíos en México. México: 1990; Golomb, Berl. Interview and notes about his mother, September 2002; Golomb, Rivke. “Al het shejetanu” (Yiddish). Naye Yidishe Shule Vol. 9. Mexico (October 1958); Idem. “Lerer” (Yiddish). Naye Yidishe Shule 14 (México): October 1963; Grapa, Frida. Interview with the author, México D.F. (September 2002); Cimet, Shoshana. Interview and Rivke Golomb personal letters, México D. F. (2002).

3 Comments

I have just now found this webpage about the Lererke Rivke Golomb and was very pleased to read it! At the end, my name was added in the Bibliography as =Grapa, Frida. Interview with the author, MÌÄå©xico D.F. (September 2002)= I was pleased to read the article but I am sorry and can not accept and agree with some information given like the one that reads: "Rivke established the Abraham Golomb Foundation, which awards a prize to those who dedicate themselves to ensuring the survival of Yiddish as a language and a culture". This Foundation was established in Mexico City by former students and friends from Prof. Abraham Golomb, [gevezene talmides un libhober fun di tehories fun Yiddishkayt fun balibtn Lerer Golomb]. The Abraham Golomb Fund was managed in Mexico for several years and was in charge of selling his last printed book until Rivke Golomb decided it was her judgment the one that had to be followed for the delivery of prizes. The fund was handled then to her. At her sad passing the remaining funds were returned to Mexico City and here, those last money funds were delivered to a young student, Arturo Kerbel Shein, a youngster, a fighter for the continuation of Yiddish language in the schools, author of a Yiddish Song and Essays for the younger generations about the importance of the language as a chain to our roots. This last given out prize was shared with Yougntruf who during a full year shared with their magazine readers about Abraham GolombÌ¢‰â‰ã¢s biography and his believes. The KKL pushke story told in the article, however does not agree with my knowledge as a student of those days and the affirmation of this being one strong reason for the division of the school. Yes, there were several political differences and differences in political views as well as approaches and priorities in GolombÌ¢‰â‰ã¢s defense of his believes in Yiddishkayt and Humanism which I am not the Ì¢‰âÒpolitishn or historianÌ¢‰âÂå to argue about but, what is yes, of my entire knowledge, is that the followers of the GolombÌ¢‰â‰ã¢s ideology and the establishment of Ì¢‰âÒanother schoolÌ¢‰âÂå di Naye Yiddishe Shul, was not as stated, seconded at all by the Di Shtim Newspaper and itÌ¢‰â‰ã¢s intellectuals! At the contrary, during those days they were reluctant to the all matter and fought against it from in their pages, a dirty fight that invaded also the Mexican press! Old stories, old fights, the 2 schools are now celebrating 60 and 70 or more years of their existence and we, all the ones that were lucky to have Abrom and Rivke Golomb in our lives celebrate the having of their names to be found in Internet this days, and knowing that those 2 great figures, educators, intellectuals and yiddisshistn as well as a man of letters of many books and essays, they both are not forgotten! GÌ¢‰â‰㢠bless their memory and bless those that remember them! Thank you Berl for sharing your story, thank you Frida Staropolsky-Shwartz for writing it and making it accessible to everybody. Your parents, Berl, were, are and will always be a part of many lives of their students; of the parents; of friends and of all those lives they touched in their passing by our sides! Shall their memory be blessed and ..... found in Internet! Frida Grapa de Cielak, Mexico City

I am also an old student of Abraham Golomb I was transferred from the 'old' Yiddishe Shule to the new school, the 'Naye', when I was in the fifth grade, a few years after the school was opened. Incidentally, I am also a graduate of the, now defunct, Seminar Le-Morim. Both Rivke and Avrom will remain part of my childhood, I loved them dearly. The Naye Yiddishe Shule was closed a couple of years ago and, sadly, Yiddish is being totally faced out from the Jewish day schools' curricula.

Also, I want to reiterate that the date of the 'rebelion' against the Golombs that prompted the foundation of the Naye Yiddishe Shule was in 1949 and not 1959.

Thank you for this entry.

Halina Rubinstein

The "campaign against the Golombs" that led them to establish the Nuevo Colegio Israelita was in 1949 and not in 1959 as stated in the article.

http://www.nci.edu.mx/historia...

How to cite this page

Staropolsky-Shwartz, Frida. "Rivke Savich Golomb." Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. 1 March 2009. Jewish Women's Archive. (Viewed on July 22, 2017) <https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/golomb-rivke-savich>.

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