Roberta Galler’s work for the Congressional Challenge marked a landmark civil rights effort, using six hundred depositions that Black people had been prevented from voting in the 1964 congressional election as evidence that the election was unconstitutional. Galler managed the civil rights student journal New University Thought and helped form Chicago Friends of SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee) while on leave from the University of Chicago in 1961. She helped open the first statewide Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party office in 1964 and helped take depositions from Black voters across the state who had been threatened and blocked from voting. After working around the clock for months organizing the Congressional Challenge, Galler joked that she went to jail in Jackson in 1965 to rest. She continued her activism in various venues including fundraising, working with the antiwar movement, and helping set up the Center for Constitutional Rights in the early 1970s. She later became a psychoanalyst, running a private practice in Manhattan while also working with the Center for Independence for the Disabled.