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World War II

Eva Sopher

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The first known cultural entrepreneur in southern Brazil, German-born Eva Sopher has fostered music, dance, and especially theater in Porto Alegre and its environs for over forty years.

Courtesy of Eva Sopher

The first known cultural entrepreneur in southern Brazil, German-born Eva Sopher has fostered music, dance, and especially theater in Porto Alegre and its environs for over forty years.

Courtesy of Eva Sopher

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Tess Slesinger

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An unconventional childhood and her association with Jewish left-wing literary radicals shaped the biting satire of Tess Slesinger's novels and short stories. Her subsequent conquest of Hollywood as a screenwriter was cut short by her untimely death at age thirty-nine.

Institution: The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives, Cincinnati, OH, www.americanjewisharchives.org

An unconventional childhood and her association with Jewish left-wing literary radicals shaped the biting satire of Tess Slesinger's novels and short stories. Her subsequent conquest of Hollywood as a screenwriter was cut short by her untimely death at age thirty-nine.

Institution: The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives, Cincinnati, OH, www.americanjewisharchives.org

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Toni Sender, 1928

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A passionate pacifist and socialist, German Toni Sender (shown here in 1928) sought to harness the active participation of women to achieve social transformation. She continued the struggle for women's rights after immigrating to the U.S., where she ultimately returned to the Jewish tradition she abandoned at age 13.

Institution: Universität Ulm, Germany

A passionate pacifist and socialist, German Toni Sender (shown here in 1928) sought to harness the active participation of women to achieve social transformation. She continued the struggle for women's rights after immigrating to the U.S., where she ultimately returned to the Jewish tradition she abandoned at age 13.

Institution: Universität Ulm, Germany

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Martha Schlamme

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Martha Schlamme sang songs in a dozen languages, including Yiddish and Hebrew. Her interpretation of the works of Kurt Weill made her an overnight success and led to a long Broadway career.

Martha Schlamme sang songs in a dozen languages, including Yiddish and Hebrew. Her interpretation of the works of Kurt Weill made her an overnight success and led to a long Broadway career.

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Bouena Sarfatty Garfinkle's Family, 1937

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Family Portrait, 1937. L to R, back row: Marie (Miriam, older sister of Bouena), Eliahu (older brother), Rachel (older sister); front row: Regina (younger sister), Bouena, Henrietta (daughter of Marie), Alice (daughter of Marie), Simha (Bouna's mother), Daisy (Desica, daughter of Rachel).

Courtesy of Dr. Eli Garfinkle

Family Portrait, 1937. L to R, back row: Marie (Miriam, older sister of Bouena), Eliahu (older brother), Rachel (older sister); front row: Regina (younger sister), Bouena, Henrietta (daughter of Marie), Alice (daughter of Marie), Simha (Bouna's mother), Daisy (Desica, daughter of Rachel).

Courtesy of Dr. Eli Garfinkle

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Angiola Sartorio, circa 1920s

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After years of oblivion, modern dance pioneer Angiola Sartorio has recently been rediscovered. This daughter of a great Italian painter and a German-Jewish mother created a dance company which in 1937 was forced to perform for Hitler, an event which precipitated her emigration from Europe to the United States. She is shown here circa 1920s.

Courtesy of Patrizia Veroli

After years of oblivion, modern dance pioneer Angiola Sartorio has recently been rediscovered. This daughter of a great Italian painter and a German-Jewish mother created a dance company which in 1937 was forced to perform for Hitler, an event which precipitated her emigration from Europe to the United States. She is shown here circa 1920s.

Courtesy of Patrizia Veroli

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Bouenna Sarfatty Garfinkle's Wedding Portrait, 1946

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Bouena Sarfatty and Max Garfinkle on their wedding day, 1946. Bouena, a member of the Sephardic community in Greece, worked for the Red Cross, recorded Ladino proverbs and worked for the Jewish underground during WWII.

Courtesy of Dr. Eli Garfinkle

Bouena Sarfatty and Max Garfinkle on their wedding day, 1946. Bouena, a member of the Sephardic community in Greece, worked for the Red Cross, recorded Ladino proverbs and worked for the Jewish underground during WWII.

Courtesy of Dr. Eli Garfinkle

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Charlotte Salomon, Self Portrait, 1940

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Self-portrait by Charlotte Salomon, 1940.

Institution: Collection Jewish Historical Museum, Amsterdam.
Photo © Charlotte Salomon Foundation

Self-portrait by Charlotte Salomon, 1940.

Institution: Collection Jewish Historical Museum, Amsterdam.
Photo © Charlotte Salomon Foundation

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Bethsabee Rothschild

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A member of the famous philanthropic family, Baroness Bethsabée (Bathseva) de Rothschild was a patron of the arts who created foundations to underwrite the arts and sciences in the United States and Israel, as well as the dance company that bears her Hebrew name.

Institution: Dance Library of Israel, Tel Aviv

A member of the famous philanthropic family, Baroness Bethsabée (Bathseva) de Rothschild was a patron of the arts who created foundations to underwrite the arts and sciences in the United States and Israel, as well as the dance company that bears her Hebrew name.

Institution: Dance Library of Israel, Tel Aviv

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How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "World War II." (Viewed on May 31, 2016) <http://jwa.org/topics/world-war-ii>.

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