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World War II

Timeline Showing the Major Organizations of Jews in Germany, 1893-1943

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A timeline showing the major organizations of Jews in Germany from 1893 to 1943.

A timeline showing the major organizations of Jews in Germany from 1893 to 1943.

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Lili Berger

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Yiddish writer and translator, Lili Berger (1916-1996).

Yiddish writer and translator, Lili Berger (1916-1996).

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"La Kahéna, Reine Barbare" Front Cover by Berthe Bénichou-Aboulker

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The earliest known work by Berthe Bénichou-Aboulker is the 1933 play La Kahéna, reine barbare (Kahena the Berber Queen). With the appearance of this work, its author became the first woman writer published in Algeria.

Institution: José Aboulker

The earliest known work by Berthe Bénichou-Aboulker is the 1933 play La Kahéna, reine barbare (Kahena the Berber Queen). With the appearance of this work, its author became the first woman writer published in Algeria.

Institution: José Aboulker

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Berthe Bénichou-Aboulker Portrait

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The first woman writer to be published in Algeria, Berthe Bénichou-Aboulker, shown here in an undated portrait, was born, wrote and died in her native land.

Institution: José Aboulker.

The first woman writer to be published in Algeria, Berthe Bénichou-Aboulker, shown here in an undated portrait, was born, wrote and died in her native land.

Institution: José Aboulker.

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Edith Fraenke of the Baum Gruppe

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Twenty-year-old Baum Gruppe member Edith Fraenkel was arrested and deported, first to Theresienstadt and then to her death at Auschwitz in 1944.

Institution: Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

Twenty-year-old Baum Gruppe member Edith Fraenkel was arrested and deported, first to Theresienstadt and then to her death at Auschwitz in 1944.

Institution: Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

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Lotte Rotholz from the Baum Gruppe

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The Baum Gruppe was characterized by a disproportionate number of very young members, especially young women. At the age of twenty, group member Lotte Rotholz (née Jastrow), pictured here, was sent to Auschwitz, where she was murdered.

Institution: Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

The Baum Gruppe was characterized by a disproportionate number of very young members, especially young women. At the age of twenty, group member Lotte Rotholz (née Jastrow), pictured here, was sent to Auschwitz, where she was murdered.

Institution: Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

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Monument to the Baum Gruppe in the Weissensee Cemetery, East Berlin

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Monument to the Baum Gruppe in the Weissensee cemetery, East Berlin. The text reads (top): "To the members of the Herbert Baum group executed in 1942/43"; (bottom): "They fell in the battle for peace and freedom."

Institution: Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

Monument to the Baum Gruppe in the Weissensee cemetery, East Berlin. The text reads (top): "To the members of the Herbert Baum group executed in 1942/43"; (bottom): "They fell in the battle for peace and freedom."

Institution: Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

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Tatjana Barbakoff, 1931

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Born Cilly Edelberg in Latvia in 1899, the dancer who called herself Tatjana Barbakoff (1899-1944) lacked formal dance training, yet created a world of her own through her charming personality, exotic stage costumes and lyrical dance expression. She is shown here in 1931.

Institution: Patrizia Veroli.

Born Cilly Edelberg in Latvia in 1899, the dancer who called herself Tatjana Barbakoff (1899-1944) lacked formal dance training, yet created a world of her own through her charming personality, exotic stage costumes and lyrical dance expression. She is shown here in 1931.

Institution: Patrizia Veroli.

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Reizia Klingberg

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Reizia Klingberg.
Courtesy of Yael Peled, Jerusalem.
Reizia Klingberg.
Courtesy of Yael Peled, Jerusalem.

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Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas in Paris, 1923

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Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas in the Atelier at 27 Rue de Fleurus. Photograph by Man Ray in 1923. American-born writer Gertrude Stein (right) lived in this Paris residence for 33 years, which became a salon for the artists and writers of the era.
Institution: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas in the Atelier at 27 Rue de Fleurus. Photograph by Man Ray in 1923. American-born writer Gertrude Stein (right) lived in this Paris residence for 33 years, which became a salon for the artists and writers of the era.
Institution: Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

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How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "World War II." (Viewed on February 7, 2016) <http://jwa.org/topics/world-war-ii>.

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