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Synagogues/Temples

Jews and the Civil Rights Movement: the Whys and Why Nots

Assume the roles of Southern Jews participating in a Temple board meeting on whether or not to support Northern Jewish activists staging a protest in town.

Mayor William Hartsfield with Rabbi Jacob Rothschild After the Bombing of The Temple, Atlanta, Georgia, October 15, 1958

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Mayor William Hartsfield with Rabbi Jacob Rothschild after bombing of The Temple, Atlanta, Georgia, October 15, 1958.

Photo courtesy of The Temple (Hebrew Benevolent Congregation in Atlanta).

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Contributor: Owner
The Temple (Atlanta, GA)
Contributor: Institution
The Temple (Atlanta, GA)

Mayor William Hartsfield with Rabbi Jacob Rothschild after bombing of The Temple, Atlanta, Georgia, October 15, 1958.

Photo courtesy of The Temple (Hebrew Benevolent Congregation in Atlanta).

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Sermon by Rabbi Milton Grafman, September 19, 1963

Rabbi Milton Grafman found himself caught between the realities of southern Jewish life and civil rights activists. In 1963, Birmingham's 16th Street Baptist Church was bombed, killing several African American children. Rosh Hashana began that same Tuesday evening. In his sermon on Rosh Hashana morning, Rabbi Grafman expressed his horror at the violence and asserted that white citizens in Birmingham needed to help make things right.
Courtesy of the American Jewish Archives
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Other license (see note)
Contributor: Institution
American Jewish Archives

Rabbi Milton Grafman found himself caught between the realities of southern Jewish life and civil rights activists. In 1963, Birmingham's 16th Street Baptist Church was bombed, killing several African American children. Rosh Hashana began that same Tuesday evening. In his sermon on Rosh Hashana morning, Rabbi Grafman expressed his horror at the violence and asserted that white citizens in Birmingham needed to help make things right.

Courtesy of the American Jewish Archives

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Rabbi Alysa Stanton with Gail Reimer, 2010

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Rabbi Alysa Stanton (left) and Gail Reimer at the White House reception for Jewish American Heritage Month, 2010.
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Rabbi Alysa Stanton (left) and Gail Reimer at the White House reception for Jewish American Heritage Month, 2010.

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Henrietta Szold's Religious Confirmation at Oheb Shalom Congregation, 1875

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The English and German on Henrietta Szold's program indicate the mixture of cultures and languages at Benjamin Szold's Oheb Shalom congregation which had been founded by German-speaking immigrants. Confirmation was introduced as a Jewish ritual by early nineteenth-century German reformers seeking to modernize Judaism. Confirmation services became a feature of acculturated nineteenth-century American congregations whether Reform or Orthodox. June 9, 1875.
Institution: Jewish Museum of Maryland

 

The English and German on Henrietta Szold's program indicate the mixture of cultures and languages at Benjamin Szold's Oheb Shalom congregation which had been founded by German-speaking immigrants. Confirmation was introduced as a Jewish ritual by early nineteenth-century German reformers seeking to modernize Judaism. Confirmation services became a feature of acculturated nineteenth-century American congregations whether Reform or Orthodox. June 9, 1875.
Institution: Jewish Museum of Maryland

 

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Arva Gray, from "Seattle Stories"

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Arva Davis Gray.
Photo courtesy of Joan Roth.

Arva Davis Gray.
Photo courtesy of Joan Roth.

Congregation Oheb Sholom

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Congregation Oheb Sholom founded in February 1883.

Congregation Oheb Sholom founded in February 1883.

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Plum Street Temple in Cincinnati, Ohio

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The Plum Street Temple, located in Cincinnati, Ohio. Note the family pews and lack of a women's gallery in this synagogue, dedicated in 1866.
Institution: American Jewish Archives
The Plum Street Temple, located in Cincinnati, Ohio. Note the family pews and lack of a women's gallery in this synagogue, dedicated in 1866.
Institution: American Jewish Archives

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Turo Synagogue Interior

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Interior of Turo Synagogue.
Courtesy of John T. Hopf.
Interior of Turo Synagogue.
Courtesy of John T. Hopf.

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Arva Davis Gray

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Arva Gray.
Rights
JWA use only on jwa.org
Arva Gray.

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Jewish Women's Archive. "Synagogues/Temples." (Viewed on February 14, 2016) <http://jwa.org/topics/synagoguestemples>.

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