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Psychology and Psychiatry

Bernice L. Neugarten

A pioneer of the study of adult development and aging, Bernice Levin Neugarten found that there was no one right way for people to grow old.

Margaret Naumburg

By creating her own school and her own system of education based on principles of psychoanalysis, Margaret Naumburg laid the groundwork for the new discipline of art therapy.

Roberta Galler, 1936 - 2014

As a Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) staff member, Roberta Galler was among hundreds arrested in Jackson, Mississippi in June 1965 protesting local attempts to subvert implementation of the new Voting Rights Act. After being thrown into the Hinds County Jail, Roberta first encountered the Jackson Jewish community in the form of Rabbi Perry Nussbaum. A quiet civil rights supporter against his congregation’s wishes, Nussbaum came into the cell housing Roberta and several other Jewish women.

Martha Tamara Schuch Mednick

Both through her psychological research and through her collaboration with African–American, Israeli, and Arab women scholars, Martha Tamara Schuch Mednick helped long–silenced minorities express their experiences.

Margaret Mahler

Margaret Schönberger Mahler pioneered theories on child development and abnormal psychology that impacted generations of psychiatrists.

Lena Levine

From the 1930s through the 1950s, Lena Levine used her medical and psychological training to offer women advice on everything from birth control to intimacy issues.

Sex Educators

Teaching Women About Their Bodies, Their Rights, and Their Pleasure

Dr. Ruth Westheimer

Ruth Westheimer balanced unabashed practical advice about sexual health and safety with a playful sense of humor to educate the public and break down social taboos against discussing sex.

Lena Kenin

Lena Nemerovsky Kenin made major contributions to both gynecology and psychology with her successful medical practice and her groundbreaking work on postpartum depression.

Fay Berger Karpf

Fay Berger Karpf made major contributions to social science with her analysis of the history of social psychology and her discussions of Otto Rank’s theories of psychology.


How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Psychology and Psychiatry." (Viewed on November 28, 2015) <>.


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