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Holocaust

Liza Czapnik

The youngest of four children, Liza Czapnik was born in 1922 in Grodno, Poland (today Hrodna, Belorussia) to a traditional Jewish middle-class family which practiced Jewish observances until the Soviet occupation in September 1939. Czapnik studied at the Polish school and in the Jewish Gymnasium. Her father, Joseph (b. 1886), had a button shop and her mother, Ethel-Esther (b. 1888), was a seamstress.

Children's Literature in the United States

It is hard to imagine the world of children’s books without Jewish women writers.

Central Organizations of Jews in Germany (1933-1943)

The Reichsvertretung der Deutschen Juden (Reich Representation of German Jews) was established in September, 1933. Its headquarters were in Berlin-Charlottenburg, on the Kantstrasse. For German Jewry, this was an umbrella organization comprising all the political and religious groups of Jews living in Germany. Its main task was the coordination of Jewish self-help activities during the long and harsh persecutions of the Nazi era. Jewish self-help activities were widespread, innovative and charitable.

Edith Bülbring

Edith Bülbring’s contributions to smooth-muscle physiology and pharmacology were immense.

Rokhel Brokhes

Rokhel Brokhes was one of the earliest women writers to be published and a prodigious author whose name was linked to the romantic years of modern Yiddish literature.

Suzanne Brogger

With more than twenty book titles to her name, Brøgger has received many awards and prizes including the Scena Drama Award for best play (After the Orgy) in 1992 in Washington D.C.

Hansi Brand (Hartmann)

A Zionist activist in Hungary during the Holocaust, Hansi Hartmann was born in 1912 in Budapest and was educated there.

Gertrud Bodenwieser

Gertrud Bodenwieser belonged to the first generation of modern dancers in Vienna.

Ruth Bondy

Ruth Bondy is an author, a journalist and a gifted translator from Czech to Hebrew.

Marietta Blau

Although she was a pioneer in the field of radioactivity, Blau, being both female and Jewish, had no hope of a professional career.

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How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Holocaust." (Viewed on March 27, 2015) <http://jwa.org/topics/holocaust>.

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