You are here

Share Share Share Share Share Share Share

Communism

Mire Gola

Gola-Mire_small.jpg
Mire Gola.
Courtesy of the Ghetto House Fighters Archive.
Mire Gola.
Courtesy of the Ghetto House Fighters Archive.

Related content:

Ethel Rosenberg with Husband Julius

Rosenberg-Ethel-1.jpg

Ethel Rosenberg’s Jewish identity was forged not by any ties to traditional Judaism but by her political radicalism. Indeed, when she and her husband, Julius, were charged with espionage, attempts were made by their fellow "leftists" to link their prosecution with antisemitism. But the established Jewish community, fearing any association with Jewish radicalism, rejected this charge. The couple was convicted on March 29, 1951, and sentenced to death, the only two American civilians to be executed for espionage-related activity during the Cold War.

Ethel Rosenberg’s Jewish identity was forged not by any ties to traditional Judaism but by her political radicalism. Indeed, when she and her husband, Julius, were charged with espionage, attempts were made by their fellow "leftists" to link their prosecution with antisemitism. But the established Jewish community, fearing any association with Jewish radicalism, rejected this charge. The couple was convicted on March 29, 1951, and sentenced to death, the only two American civilians to be executed for espionage-related activity during the Cold War.

Related content:

Edith Fraenke of the Baum Gruppe

BAUM-Gruppe-3.jpg

Twenty-year-old Baum Gruppe member Edith Fraenkel was arrested and deported, first to Theresienstadt and then to her death at Auschwitz in 1944.

Institution: Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

Twenty-year-old Baum Gruppe member Edith Fraenkel was arrested and deported, first to Theresienstadt and then to her death at Auschwitz in 1944.

Institution: Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

Related content:

Lotte Rotholz from the Baum Gruppe

BAUM-Gruppe-2.jpg

The Baum Gruppe was characterized by a disproportionate number of very young members, especially young women. At the age of twenty, group member Lotte Rotholz (née Jastrow), pictured here, was sent to Auschwitz, where she was murdered.

Institution: Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

The Baum Gruppe was characterized by a disproportionate number of very young members, especially young women. At the age of twenty, group member Lotte Rotholz (née Jastrow), pictured here, was sent to Auschwitz, where she was murdered.

Institution: Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

Related content:

Monument to the Baum Gruppe in the Weissensee Cemetery, East Berlin

BAUM-Gruppe-1.jpg

Monument to the Baum Gruppe in the Weissensee cemetery, East Berlin. The text reads (top): "To the members of the Herbert Baum group executed in 1942/43"; (bottom): "They fell in the battle for peace and freedom."

Institution: Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

Monument to the Baum Gruppe in the Weissensee cemetery, East Berlin. The text reads (top): "To the members of the Herbert Baum group executed in 1942/43"; (bottom): "They fell in the battle for peace and freedom."

Institution: Yad Vashem, Jerusalem.

Related content:

Rose Pastor Stokes

Stokes-Rose-2.jpg

Labor activist Rose Pastor Stokes adopted antiwar and pro-abortion stands and joined the Communist Party.

Institution: U.S. Library of Congress

Labor activist Rose Pastor Stokes adopted antiwar and pro-abortion stands and joined the Communist Party.

Institution: U.S. Library of Congress

Related content:

Rose Pastor Stokes at Table

Stokes-Rose-1.jpg

She was called the "Cinderella of the sweatshops" when, as a young reporter, Rose Pastor Stokes met and married millionaire James Graham Phelps Stokes. Stokes became increasingly radical, adopting antiwar and pro-abortion stands and joining the Communist Party.

Institution: U.S. Library of Congress

She was called the "Cinderella of the sweatshops" when, as a young reporter, Rose Pastor Stokes met and married millionaire James Graham Phelps Stokes. Stokes became increasingly radical, adopting antiwar and pro-abortion stands and joining the Communist Party.

Institution: U.S. Library of Congress

Related content:

Remembering Janet Jagan, President of Guyana

You might have read in the New York Times or in the Boston Globe that Janet Jagan, the first woman elected president of Guyana, died at age 88 this past weekend.

Yugoslavia

Little has been written about the history of women in former Yugoslavia and even less is as yet known about the history of Jewish women in the Balkans.

Summer Camping in the United States

Summer camping became an American institution in the aftermath of World War I, evolving within a society that was concerned with children and wished to raise the next generation as "able bodied" and "morally upright" American citizens.

Pages

How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Communism." (Viewed on April 28, 2016) <http://jwa.org/topics/communism>.

Donate

Help us elevate the voices of Jewish women.

donate now

Sign Up for JWA eNews

 

Discover Education Programs

Join our growing community of educators.

view programs