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Communism

Rose Pastor Stokes: Jewess with Attitude

On April 5, 1905, J.Graham Phelps Stokes —Yale graduate, businessman, scion of one of New York’s “Four Hundred” families, social worker at the University Settlement on the Lower East Side, dabbler in progressive politics — announced his engagement to Rose Pastor — Russian Jewish immigrant, cigarmaker-turned-journalist, self-identified girl of the Jewish ghetto.

Janet Rosenberg Jagan

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Janet Rosenberg Jagan.
Courtesy of Suzanne Wasserman/Thunder of Guyana
Janet Rosenberg Jagan.
Courtesy of Suzanne Wasserman/Thunder of Guyana

Questions Posed by Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman to Lenin, 1920

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In 1920, Goldman and Berkman gained an audience with Lenin, in which they asked a series of questions about the Soviet suppression of dissent and persecution of anarchists. Dissatisfied with his responses and disillusioned with the Soviet Union, Goldman and Berkman soon left the country.
Institution: Russian State Archive of Social-Political History
In 1920, Goldman and Berkman gained an audience with Lenin, in which they asked a series of questions about the Soviet suppression of dissent and persecution of anarchists. Dissatisfied with his responses and disillusioned with the Soviet Union, Goldman and Berkman soon left the country.
Institution: Russian State Archive of Social-Political History

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Emma Goldman and Comrades in Spain, 1936

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Goldman speaks with comrades in Spain during the Spanish Civil War, Fall 1936.
Courtesy of the Emma Goldman Papers.
Goldman speaks with comrades in Spain during the Spanish Civil War, Fall 1936.
Courtesy of the Emma Goldman Papers.

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Execution of Ethel Rosenberg

June 19, 1953

Ethel Rosenberg was executed alongside her husband, Julius Rosenberg.

Virginia Levitt Snitow

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Virginia Levitt Snitow’s initiatives improved women's lives, including the establishment of US/Israel Women to Women, the American organization most active on behalf of women’s rights in Israel.

Institution: U.S.-Israel Women to Women

Virginia Levitt Snitow’s initiatives improved women's lives, including the establishment of US/Israel Women to Women, the American organization most active on behalf of women’s rights in Israel.

Institution: U.S.-Israel Women to Women

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Tess Slesinger

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An unconventional childhood and her association with Jewish left-wing literary radicals shaped the biting satire of Tess Slesinger's novels and short stories. Her subsequent conquest of Hollywood as a screenwriter was cut short by her untimely death at age thirty-nine.

Institution: The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives, Cincinnati, OH, www.americanjewisharchives.org

An unconventional childhood and her association with Jewish left-wing literary radicals shaped the biting satire of Tess Slesinger's novels and short stories. Her subsequent conquest of Hollywood as a screenwriter was cut short by her untimely death at age thirty-nine.

Institution: The Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives, Cincinnati, OH, www.americanjewisharchives.org

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Bouenna Sarfatty Garfinkle's Wedding Portrait, 1946

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Bouena Sarfatty and Max Garfinkle on their wedding day, 1946. Bouena, a member of the Sephardic community in Greece, worked for the Red Cross, recorded Ladino proverbs and worked for the Jewish underground during WWII.

Courtesy of Dr. Eli Garfinkle

Bouena Sarfatty and Max Garfinkle on their wedding day, 1946. Bouena, a member of the Sephardic community in Greece, worked for the Red Cross, recorded Ladino proverbs and worked for the Jewish underground during WWII.

Courtesy of Dr. Eli Garfinkle

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Bouena Sarfatty Garfinkle's Family, 1937

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Family Portrait, 1937. L to R, back row: Marie (Miriam, older sister of Bouena), Eliahu (older brother), Rachel (older sister); front row: Regina (younger sister), Bouena, Henrietta (daughter of Marie), Alice (daughter of Marie), Simha (Bouna's mother), Daisy (Desica, daughter of Rachel).

Courtesy of Dr. Eli Garfinkle

Family Portrait, 1937. L to R, back row: Marie (Miriam, older sister of Bouena), Eliahu (older brother), Rachel (older sister); front row: Regina (younger sister), Bouena, Henrietta (daughter of Marie), Alice (daughter of Marie), Simha (Bouna's mother), Daisy (Desica, daughter of Rachel).

Courtesy of Dr. Eli Garfinkle

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Ethel Rosenberg

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Convicted as a spy, Ethel Rosenberg—who maintained her innocence to her final breath—was only the second woman in the United States to be executed by the federal government.

Convicted as a spy, Ethel Rosenberg—who maintained her innocence to her final breath—was only the second woman in the United States to be executed by the federal government.

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How to cite this page

Jewish Women's Archive. "Communism." (Viewed on February 10, 2016) <http://jwa.org/topics/communism>.

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