Construction begins on Denver hospital inspired by Frances Wisebart Jacobs
October 9, 1892
Construction on a building that was to be called the Frances Wisebart Jacobs Hospital and is now known as the National Jewish Medical and Research Center, began in Denver on October 9, 1892. Frances Jacobs, known as Colorado's "Mother of Charity," devoted her life to community service. She is the only woman included among the sixteen Colorado pioneers depicted through stained glass portraits in the state's Capital Rotunda.
Born in Kentucky and raised in Cincinnati, Jacobs moved with her husband to Colorado in 1863; they settled in Denver in 1870. Jacobs quickly became involved in Denver’s Jewish and non-Jewish communities. By 1872, Jacobs had helped to organize and was serving as president of the Hebrew Ladies’ Benevolent Society. In 1874, she helped found the nonsectarian Denver Ladies’ Relief Society. She worked for the creation of Denver’s first kindergartens and, together with leading Christian clergymen, helped organize Denver’s Charity Organization Society, a forerunner to the United Way, in 1877.
Jacobs also pushed the Denver Jewish community to attend to the care of the many Jewish tuberculosis sufferers who came to Denver. At that time, the only known treatment for tuberculosis was clean air and sunshine; since Denver had both of these resources in abundance, it became a popular destination for infected immigrants from the industrial Northeast. When these immigrants arrived in Denver, they found no facilities available to treat or even shelter them, and the community ignored their plight.
Jacobs did her best to help those who were ill on an individual basis, but worked to convince the Jewish community to help, leading to the construction of the hospital, whose motto became “None may enter who can pay, and none can pay who enter.”
Jacobs died at the age of 49, just a few weeks after construction on the hospital had commenced, from pneumonia she contracted during a visit to an impoverished family. Her death was mourned by a broad spectrum of the Denver community and the Rocky Mountain News which noted "She knew no creed or denomination when a cry of distress was heard." In her memory, the hospital trustees voted to name the hospital after her.
The hospital did not actually open, however, until 1899 after an extensive fund-raising campaign conducted by the B'nai B'rith. In recognition of its national scope it opened under the name of National Jewish Hospital. Today the institution is the leading medical and research center in the United States devoted entirely to respiratory, allergic, and immune system diseases, appearing in the news whenever there is a prominent case of T.B..
To learn more about Frances Wisebart Jacobs, visit Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia.
Sources:Jewish Women In America: An Historical Encyclopedia, pp. 684-685; www.njc.org; Jeanne E. Abrams, Jewish Women Pioneering the Frontier Trail: A History in the American West (New York, 2006).