Chemist Joyce Jacobson Kaufman Joyce Jacobson Kaufman’s groundbreaking work in chemistry and physics led to major advancements for the designs of compounds ranging from pharmacological drugs to rocket fuel. Frances Krasnow Frances Krasnow helped bring scientific rigor to dental medicine through her research into oral biochemistry and microorganisms. Irene Caroline Diner Koenigsberger Irene Caroline Diner Koenigsberger discovered the molecular structure of rubber but refused to patent her work, making her discovery available to all. Rita Sapiro Finkler Rita Sapiro Finkler was a pioneer in the field of endocrinology, making important discoveries about the role hormones play in pregnancy, menopause, and other aspects of women’s health. Mildred Cohn Biochemist Mildred Cohn used new technology to measure organic reactions in living cells. May Brodbeck May Brodbeck’s career in the sciences ran the gamut from teaching high school chemistry to exploring fundamental philosophical questions about the nature of human consciousness. Maxine Singer Maxine Singer helped shape the emerging field of genetics as a researcher, educator, and medical ethicist. Elsa Neumann Elsa Neumann earned a doctorate in physics from the University of Berlin in 1899, nine years before women were officially allowed to study there, becoming the university’s first woman graduate. Gerty Theresa Cori Gerty Cori’s work on carbohydrate metabolism, which changed our understanding of diabetes and other diseases, earned her the Nobel Prize for Medicine, making her the first American woman and third woman ever given the honor. Gertrude Elion Gertrude Elion revolutionized the ways drugs are developed and received the Nobel Prize in Medicine even though she never earned her PhD. How to cite this pageJewish Women's Archive. "Chemist." (Viewed on December 22, 2014) <http://jwa.org/taxonomy/term/20945>.