Primary Sources & Lesson Plans
The Progressive Era of the early twentieth century relied on professional experts to address the problems of contemporary society. Those who provided services in health, education, and social welfare were expected to have the proper training from established institutions. These new experts gradually eased out the volunteers who had provided such assistance in previous decades. Most people had come to believe that more than good intentions and the ability to inculcate moral virtues were necessary to help others. Now social service providers needed certification attesting to their skills and education.
1. To what advertisement had Goldman responded? How is the placement of the job notice reflective of the time period?
2. What prevented Goldman from getting her nursing credentials? Do you think she should have received her degree?
3. Is Goldman a skilled nurse, according to the information she provides in this letter?
4. Do a persons politics affect his or her ability to provide care for others?
5. Do you think Wald will recommend Goldman for the position?
How to Cite This Page